Alfred Russel Wallace was born on january 8th 1823 and grew up under modern circumstances in rural wales and then in Hertford, Hertfordshire, England. He was the 8th child born out of his 9 siblings, he was supposedly the descendent of a scottish warrior chieftain named William Wallace. His schooling had been affected by his families worsening financial situation. He was limited to six years at the one-roomed hertford grammar school. Although Alfred was poor he eventually became the author of many books. One of his books was a formulation of the theory of evolution by natural selection, which predated Charles Darwin’s published contributions. In 1844 he met Henry Walter Bates, who was already an accomplished entomologist, whose collections and collecting activities captured wallaces interests. They had planned an expedition to the Amazon, Belem, Brazil they left on April 25, 1848. They had first worked as a team but a couple years later they split up, after they had split wallace centered his activities in south America but he had to leave in 1852 due to ill health, but by the end of his stay he was known as the greatest living authority in the region. After his expedition Alfred was known especially for his studies on zoogeography, including discovering and description of faunal discontinuity that now bears his name. By the turn of the century, Wallace was probably britain's best known naturalist. He published his last two book in the year of his death. He died on November 7, 1913 He was 91 years old. On November 1st 1915 a medallion bearing his name was placed in westminster abbey.
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