The Life and History of Victor Horta

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Victor Horta, Tassel House Brussel, 1892-1893

Victor Horta (Gent, 6 January1861 – Brussel, 9 september 1947) was an Belgian architect. He played an important role in the origin and development of Art Nouveau or Jugendstil movement. The Tassel House is the first major work of Victor Horta. Horta was an important European predecessor of the modern 20th century International Style. Good designers are those who look outside of themselves for inspiration, which can be found whitin every corner, crevive, person, or thing in the world. The modern style of simplicity and minimalism influences many other artist and designers to join the movement. In the Tassel house he set forth the principal themes: exposed cast iron as a structural material: produces a centralized floor plan in place of the traditional corrido arrangement. He produces glass and iron facades that were some of the most advanced of the day. Nature also serves as a widely understood inspiration to Horta. He was inspired by natural forms that every aspect of his structes resembles stems, leaves and other plant motifs. This style was not only innovative in the use of typical forms of decoration, but also by an experimental layout of the interiors. The use of level changes, special windows, conservatories, staircases and glass skylights, he brought to all floors in all rooms and light inside, and he created an unprecedented sense of space for public housing at that time. The floor plan was always in the same layout: a long and narrow site (the typical Brussels site had an average width of 7 meters) above with three successive rooms and also the hall with staircase. The staircase is often fitted with skylights that because of the massive partitions, can not penetrate the living quarters. The kitchen is usually housed in a basement, while the reception rooms and living room located on the first floor, half levels above ground floor vestibule. The high and dark rooms rather than a single sequence that they merge and they are often overly decorated with a heterogeneous collection of frills, while a furniture or other prestigious style imitating the past. Horta’s inspiration was the Theorists Viollet-le-Duc, whose writings to Horta’s library belonged, brought him to a broader vision of architecture with industrial progress, new materials developed, so everyone is committed to its capabilities to fully exploit a own stylistic language development. This form language in architecture I find very inspiring. The simplicity of the floor plan and routing through the house talking to me very much with the contrasting element of the abundance of ornamentation that can be found in each element.

This form language in architecture I find very inspiring. The simplicity of the floor plan and routing through the house talking to me very much with the contrasting element of the abundance of ornamentation that can be found in each element. There is openness created in this house, with a feeling of spaciousness in the adjoining room increases. This creates a spatial illusion is enhanced by the mirrors, which areas are reflected and the decoration is created. By using glass walls and the settlement penetrate the spaces between, merge into one another, as if the visual presence of the one the feeling of grandeur of the other provided. The traditional format with the three consecutive rooms and also the hall with staircase was designed by Horta. He moved the entrance to the center of the building and created a central axis to the center of the house leads. The most interesting fact is that Horta was the first with a new construction method, which until then had only been applied in the industrial architecture of factories, railway stations and exhibition pavilions, dared to use in a private home. He dared to be innovative and challenged himself with the build of this house. Until then nobody had succeeded in this material a form that was adapted to the scene of a house. In order to achieve...
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