The Life and History of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Topics: Indian independence movement, Indian National Congress, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Pages: 25 (9423 words) Published: December 29, 2012
Vallabhbhai Patel
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Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel|
Deputy Prime Minister of India|
In office
15 August 1947 – 15 December 1950|
Prime Minister| Jawaharlal Nehru|
Preceded by| Position established|
Succeeded by| Morarji Desai|
Minister of Home Affairs|
In office
15 August 1947 – 15 December 1950|
Prime Minister| Jawaharlal Nehru|
Preceded by| Position established|
Succeeded by| Chakravarti Rajagopalachari|
Personal details|
Born| 31 October 1875
Nadiad, Bombay Presidency,British India (now India)|
Died| 15 December 1950 (aged 75)
Mumbai, India|
Nationality| Indian|
Political party| Indian National Congress|
Children| Maniben Patel, Dahyabhai Patel|
Alma mater| Middle Temple|
Profession| Lawyer|
Religion| Hinduism|
Sardar Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel (Hindi pronunciation: [ʋəlləbˈbʱaːi pəˈʈeːl] ( listen)) (31 October 1875 – 15 December 1950) was an Indianbarrister and statesman, one of the leaders of the Indian National Congress and one of the founding fathers of the Republic of India. He is known to be a social leader of India who played an unparalleled role in the country's struggle for independence and guided its integration into a united, independent nation. Therefore he is also regarded as the "Bismarck of India" and "Iron Man of India". In India and across the world, he was often addressed as Sardar, which means Chief in Hindi, Urdu, and Persian. He was raised in the countryside of Gujarat in a family of Leva- Patidar Gurjar [1] Vallabhbhai Patel was employed in successful practice as a lawyerwhen he was first inspired by the work and philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi. Patel subsequently organised the peasants of Kheda, Borsad, andBardoli in Gujarat in non-violent civil disobedience against oppressive policies imposed by the British Raj; in this role, he became one of the most influential leaders in Gujarat. He rose to the leadership of the Indian National Congress and was at the forefront of rebellions and political events, organising the party for elections in 1934 and 1937, and promoting the Quit India movement. As the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India, Patel organised relief for refugees in Punjab and Delhi, and led efforts to restore peace across the nation. Patel took charge of the task to forge a united India from the British colonial provinces allocated to India and more than five hundred self-governing princely states, released from British suzerainty by the Indian Independence Act 1947. Using frank diplomacy, backed with the option and use of military force, Patel's leadership persuaded almost every princely state which did not have a Muslim majority to accede to India. Hailed as the Iron Man of India, he is also remembered as the "Patron Saint" of India's civil servants for establishing modern all-India services. Patel was also one of the earliest proponents of property rights and free enterprise in India. Contents  [hide]  * 1 Biography * 2 Fighting for independence * 2.1 Satyagraha in Gujarat * 2.2 Leading the Congress * 2.3 Quit India * 3 Integration after Independence and Role of Gandhi * 3.1 Cabinet mission and partition * 3.2 Political integration of India * 4 Leading India * 5 Gandhi's death and relations with Nehru * 6 Death * 7 Criticism and legacy * 8 Institutions and monuments * 9 Artistic depictions of Patel * 10 Further reading * 11 Notes * 12 References * 13 External links| -------------------------------------------------

Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was born at his maternel uncle's house Desai Vago in Nadiad in Leva Patidar community of Gujarat. He belongs to Kurmi[2],Landlords community. His actual date of birth was never officially recorded—Patel entered 31 October as his date of birth on his...
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