The Leadership of Prime Ministers Malaysia

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  • Topic: Malaysia, Mahathir bin Mohamad, Prime Minister of Malaysia
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  • Published : November 5, 2012
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THE LEADERSHIP OF PRIME MINISTERS MALAYSIA

Prepared for
KRISHNAN A/L NARAYANAN, Tutor of OUM
Open University Malaysia
Jalan Tun Ismail,
50480 Kuala Lumpur

By
BONG KEE HONG, Student OUM
381a, Lorong 7a,
Jalan Semaba,
93250, Kuching,
Sarawak

871019526779001

25 June 2011

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACTPage 2

1.0 INTRODUCTION Page 3

2.0 Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad
2.1 Background and CharacteristicPage 4
2.2 Policies: Vision 2020 (Wawasan 2020)Page 5
2.3 Challenge and Objective of Vision 2020Page 6
2.4 The Effect of Economic and SocialPage 8

3.0 Dato' Sri Haji Mohd Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak
3.1 Background and CharacteristicPage 10
3.2 Policies: One Malaysia (1Malaysia)Page 11
3.3 Aspect and Objective of One MalaysiaPage 12
3.5 Focusing of Economic and SocialPage 13

4.0 Comparisons Advantages of Both Policies in Unity DevelopmentPage 14

5.0 CONCLUSIONPage 15

BIBLIOGRAPHIC Page 16

ABSTRACT
This report focus on the policies bring out from our prime ministers. Malaysia has been led by six prime ministers. Among all of them, the two famous policies was introduce by forth prime minister Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad with “Vision 2020” and present prime minister Dato' Sri Haji Mohd Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak with “One Malaysia”. Characteristic of both prime ministers will be discussed. This report will focus on the objective of each policy and the challenge to archive the goal. This report also will make comparisons both policy advantage in developing unity among Malaysians.
1.0 INTRODUCTION

Since year 1957, Malaysia independence led by our first prime minister Tunku Abdul Rahman. From our first prime minister until present minister (sixth) Dato' Sri Haji Mohd Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak, many policies has been bring out from each prime minister. Each of the policies is to develop our country to a new era either economic or socially. For example, present Prime Minister Dato' Sri Haji Mohd Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak introduce “One Malaysia” and forth Prime Minister Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad with “Vision 2020”. Each of the prime ministers has their own ability and leadership characteristic to lead our country.

2.0Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad
2.1 Background and Characteristic
Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad born year 1925 in Alor Setar. He did his early and secondary education in his home town. In 1947, he gained admission into the King Edward VII College of Medicine in Singapore. He became active in the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) in 1946. He enter parliament in 1964 by general election but lose it on 1969. After Tunku Abdul Rahman resigned, Mahathir re-entered UMNO and parliament, and was promoted to the Cabinet. By 1976, he had risen to Deputy Prime Minister. In 1978, he won the Deputy President seat. In 1981 was sworn in as Prime Minister after the resignation of his predecessor, Hussein Onn. Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad became the fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia on 16 July 1981 and stepped down as Prime Minister on October 31st 2003. He held the post for 22 years from 1981 to 2003, making him Malaysia's longest serving Prime Minister. His political career spanned almost 40 years. As Prime Minister, Mahathir was credited with engineering Malaysia's rapid modernization and economic growth, and initiated a series of bold infrastructure projects. Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad opened the country to foreign investment, reformed taxation, reduced trade barriers, the privatization of numerous state-owned enterprise, besides creating a world-class physical infrastructure. He also sought to bridge Malaysia’s ethnic divides by increasing general prosperity. Mahathir's record of curbing civil liberties and his antagonism to western diplomatic interests and economic policy made his relationships with the likes of the US, Britain and Australia difficult. As Prime Minister, he was an...
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