The Laws Governing the Administration and Management of the Educational System in the Philippines

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Introduction

The vision of every Filipino Family is to ensure that each son or daughter has the opportunity to get a high quality education that will make him or her a whole person and lead him or her to a productive, well paying job or become a successful business tycoon. Hence, it is imperative for education to be shaped with accordance to the exact needs of the industry in order to compete in a knowledge-based economy.

Under the “trifocalisation” policy introduced in 1995, jurisdiction over education is split across three government agencies, with the Department of education (DepEd) responsible for overseeing elementary and secondary schools, the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) responsible for overseeing higher education, and the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) responsible for overseeing technical and vocational education.

But what mandate/s gave assurance that the three governing agencies would function as to protect and promote the right of all citizens to “quality education” at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all as stipulated in the 1987 Philippine Constitution?

With this research paper, may we learn to observe and discover laws and regulations that could provide broad general instruction and enlightenment of new knowledge that can be useful in the improvement of the quality of human life.

The 1987 Philippine Constitution

Article 14 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution stipulates that the school shall inculcate patriotism and nationalism, foster love of humanity, respect for human rights, appreciation of the role of national heroes in the historical development of the values, develop moral character and personal discipline, encourage critical and creative thinking, broaden scientific and technological knowledge, and promote vocational efficiency.

The Education Act of 1982

The objectives of formal education at the elementary, secondary and tertiary levels as well as those of non-formal education are specified in the Education Act of 1982.

In terms of the Education Act of 1982, the main objectives of Elementary Education are to: 1.provide the knowledge and develop the skills, attitudes, and values essential for personal development, a productive life, and constructive engagement with a changing social climate; 2.provide learning experiences that increase the child’s awareness of and responsiveness to the just demands of society; 3.promote and intensify awareness of, identification with, and love for our nation and the community to which the learner belongs; and 4.promote experiences that develop the learner orientation to the world of work and prepare the learner to engage in honest and gainful work.

In terms of the Education Act of 1982, the objectives of Secondary Education are to:
1.continue the general education started in elementary;
2.prepare the learners for college; and
3.prepare the learners for the world of work.

The department of Education (DepEd) is the principal government agency responsible for basic education (elementary and secondary) and manpower development. The mission of the Department is to provide quality basic education that is equitably accessible to all and lays the foundation for lifelong learning and service for the common good. The department is primarily responsible for the formulation, planning, implementation and coordination of the policies, standards, regulations, plans, programmes and projects in areas of formal and non-formal education.

The Creation of the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) by Republic Act No. 7722

The Commission on Higher Education (CHED) is independent and separate from the DepEd. The Commission is responsible for formulating and implementing policies, plans and programmes for the development and efficient operation of the system of higher education in the country. Its coverage is both public and private higher education...
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