The Latest Open Source Software

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1.0Introduction
2.0The Latest Open Source Operating System (OS)
2.1Meaning of open source OS
2.2Examples of open source OS
3.0The Latest Open Source Application Software
3.1Meaning of Open Source AS
3.2Examples of Open Source AS
4.0The Latest Development in ICT
4.1Hardware
4.2Software
5.0Pervasive Computing
5.1Meaning of Pervasive Computing
5.2Examples ofPersavive Computing
6.0Conclusion
7.0References

1.0Introduction

Meaning of Open Source Software
Open SOURCE SOFTWARE (OSS) is defined as computer software for which the source code and certain other rights normally reserved for copyrights holders are provided under a software license that meets the Open Source Definition or that is in the public domain. This permits users to use , change, and improve the software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms.

Meaning of Hardware
A computer’s hardware consists of the physical components necessary to operate and interact with a computer. Since a computer’s primary language is binary, devices are necessary to convert our input into that language. The binary code coming out of the computer must also be translated into something usable for the operator.

Meaning of Software
Software is often divided into two categories
1.System Software : includes the operating system and all the utilities that enables the computer to function. 2.Application Software : includes programs that do real work for users. For examples, word processors, spreadsheets, and database managements systems fall under the category of applications software

2.0 The Latest Open Source Operating System
2.1 Definition of Opens Source Operating System
An operating system is a set of programs containing instructions that coordinate all the activities among computer hardware resources. Most operating system perform similar function that includes starting a computer, provide a user interface, managing program, managing memory and configuring devices. Some operating system also allows user to control a network and administer security.

Open Source Operating System is any operating system that is free to use and which provides the original code where the source code is available (under a copyright license) to the public, which enables them to use, modify / enhance the operating system, and redistribute the modified (or unmodified) form of the operating system. The advance user can modify the code of the operating system to make it works better for them in starting the computer or a likely user interface.

Linux is the best example of Open Source OS.
OpenSolaris, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, GNU etc are other example of Open Source OS's

2.2 Examples of Open Source
Linux

Tux the penguin, mascot of Linux[1]

Company / developer
Many
Programmed inVarious (Notably Cand Assembly)

OS familyUnix-like

Working stateCurrent
Source modelFree and open source software

Initial release1991
Latest stable release
Kernel: 3.7.6 February 4, 2013
Latest unstable release
Kernel: 3.8-rc7 February 8, 2013

Marketing targetPersonal computers, embedded devices, mobile devices, servers Available language(s)
Multilingual
Availableprogramming languages(s)
Many
Supported platformsAlpha, ARM, AVR32,Blackfin, C6x, ETRAX CRIS, FR-V, H8/300,Hexagon, Itanium,M32R, m68k,Microblaze, MIPS,MN103, OpenRISC,PA-RISC, PowerPC,s390, S+core, SuperH,SPARC, TILE64,Unicore32, x86,Xtensa

Kernel type
Monolithic

Userland
Various
Default user interface
Many
License
Many ("Linux" trademark owned byLinus Torvalds and administered by theLinux Mark Institute)

Android

Company / developer
Google
Open Handset Alliance
Android Open Source Project
Programmed inC, C++, Java

OS familyUnix-like

Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source

Initial releaseSeptember 23, 2008
Latest stable release
4.2.1 Jelly...
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