On the 17th of January 1995, a great earthquake struck the Japanese city of Kobe at 5:40 am. Over 80% of the quake victims died together with Mrs Endo, her husband, however, did not! There are numerous reasons why, the aim of this essay is to explain them to you.
The earthquake started due to the fact that Kobe is situated among 3 of the Earth’s tectonic plates (The Eurasian, the Pacific and the Philippine plates).Stress had been strengthening in the rocks of the Philippine and pacific plates, once this stress was released, shock waves travelled through the Earth’s crust. This resulted in mass destruction in the form of ‘The Kobe Earthquake’ (Which reached 7.2 on the Richter scale!) And was the worst recorded disaster for Japan since World War 2.
If you remember correctly the earthquake took place at 5:40 a.m. so most people would have been in mid-slumber, which would’ve delayed their reactions, consequently trapping them inside. This was the case for Mrs. Endo and Mr. Endo, yet one of them survived. Unfortunately, this is because they were not sharing the same room at the specific period of time, in fact Mr. Endo was staying with their son Kazuo in his modern apartment (a key fact being the modern apartment) whilst Mrs. Endo was in their house in the older residential part of Kobe called Nishinomiya.
Mrs. Endo was trapped inside her house alone, a house which was built before the 1960’s. This period was the time that Japan was frequently plagued by typhoons, so the roof tiles were built by using heavy concrete to avoid them being blown away. Also during that time their houses were made with wooden frames (causing high flammability and poor strength/stability.) The Quake caused the building she was in to collapse around her, entombing her under the heavy concrete roof. Sadly Mrs. Endo suffocated, after being trapped for 36 hours.
She could’ve survived if help was bought to her at the time of the accident, but havoc was being...