In this novel Upton Sinclair shows the problems of working class people. His believe in and contempt for capitalism as described in this story “The Jungle”. The writer explains capitalism in which the labor communities were treated very badly and to survive in the conditions of poverty. The novel rotates around the family of a character Jurgis Rudkus who have immigrated to America from Lithuania. As well as explained about the shameless extortion of migrants in the U.S.A.
Upton Sinclair was a young and very poor novelist and political writer in America. He was also the best muckrakers of 1900s. The aim of Sinclair was to rebuild the world when he lived in Princeton Township and wrote his a great novel “The Jungle” (1906). The major concept of the novel is to emphasize the difficulties of working class people and also show the dishonesty and corruption of the industries of meatpacking in America in the period of twentieth century (Weber, 2010, 67-71).
The main themes and ideas of the novel “The Jungle” is the social and economic trouble and political leadership that ruled U.S. into the twentieth century. While he was writing this novel on struggling of Lithuanian migrants to better lives in Chicago, he describes that how ruthless and avarice competition were the main powers in the predatory capitalist American “jungle” in the beginning of ninetieth century. This thorough narrative was a sounding board for pro-socialist political system (Weber, 2010, 67-71).
As the story discloses, play starts in the Chicago saloon’s back room. The people are drunk and exhausted. The aspect of restoring to the stockyard’s workers right after the ceremony leaves them demoralized. The very great character Jurgis Rudkus, rejects to succumb to the enduring of the large numbers in Packingtown, a large refugee area of Chicago. He assures to hard efforts, actually his desires to attain the dream of America.
After pooling the resources of the family, Jurgis is capable to go away from lodge-house for a moderate house in which his family would live in. When loses the job by his father, and is pushed to kickback a third of his worthless wage in turn to find the other job in a dark, damp, “pickle room”, he starts to miss trust in U.S., deponents the black past of U.S. culture, and the resulting failings in the employees. He examines the cow’s killing which are pregnant and unborn babies of them also, who are mixed with other carcasses illegally, as well as those of poor health animals dead on coming to the stockyards, for selling (Smith, 2009, 156-162).
Like winter approaches, relationship of Jurgis and his wife very unpleasant, the poverty pressures and it goes up, and father passes away. Irritated by the conditions of working in Packingtown, he enters in the union labor and then he starts to learn English. He creates cynical position in the direction of democratic system. So, the declining conditions of working, unhappiness and sickness make lifestyle very disheartening for Jurgis. He finds that his spouse was forced by her boss for sleeping with his, and that the second kid is carrying by her is not his. So, her boss beats by Jurgis, after he lands in lockup. His wife and baby expires. After came from lockup, he becomes a criminal. One day he goes to political public meeting looking for warmth. A speaker changes his mind and he goes towards the socialism, after that his whole life becomes better. He attains a good job in a hotel as gatekeeper, and the owner of that hotel is a socialist. This story ends on the night of election in the year of 1904 where the city of Chicago realizes that the Socialists are going on to the growing paths (Smith, 2009, 156-162).
Historical Background Analyses of Socialism by Sinclair
In between the times of 1800’s and 1900's a huge number of European people migrated to the...