The July Crisis

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The July Crisis: Key Events from 28th June 1914 to 15th August 1914

Aayush Singal
MESCH 10 A
Due Date: 10/4/13
Word Count: 967

There were a lot of crucial events that took place between the time period of 28th June 1914 and 15th August 1914 that a made small, local war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia into an immense and brutal World War. To be detailed, the World War did not start as a big world war. It all started when Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary was assassinated by a Serbian terrorist group named "Black Hand" on June 28th 1914. After the assassination, started a local war, then by the help of alliances became a big European war and it eventually due to the colonies and more alliances become a world war. This essay will be explaining the events that took place to make a local war in to the disastrous World War I.

The first event or the trigger event of the war is the assassination of the Habsburg Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife on 28th June 1914 by a Bosnian-Serb guy named Gavrilo Princip who belonged to an extreme nationalist group named “The Black Hand”. After the assassination, Austria-Hungary got mad at Serbia and wanted to investigate the matter meticulously. Serbia agreed to them and started the process of investigation on this issue. While this was going on, the German Empire gave a “Blank Check” to Austria-Hungary. This was basically a promise of the Germans to the Austria-Hungarians that they would give unconditional support to them in any action Germany wants to take against Serbia.

Looking at this support, Austria-Hungary became more powerful and it sent an ultimatum to Serbia. Despite of the fact that this ultimatum had many unacceptable clauses, Serbia agreed to 9 out of the 10 demands to prevent war on 25th July. Serbia, in their reply, also requested for some more time and some further clarifications. But, because of Germany’s support, Austria-Hungary rejected the response of Serbia and declared war against...
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