Literary Texts :
The Jar of Tassai and The Big Day
Grammar Lessons/Points :
a. Prepositions/Prepositional Phrases
b. Tenses of Verbs (Simple Past Tense)
A. Prepositions/Prepositional Phrase
* A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of a noun or a pronoun to some other word in a sentence. Rule : A preposition always introduces a phrase. The noun or pronoun that ends a prepositional phrase is the object of the preposition which introduces the phrase. Examples :
against beforebeyond from
* A prepositional phrase is a group of words beginning with a preposition and usually ending with a noun. It usually do the work of adjectives and adverbs in some ways as in an adjective phrase and adverb phrase.
Here are some examples from the texts that shows us the uses of preposition in sentences :
1. Tassai lived on the top of a mesa that looked far out over the Painted Desert.. (Adverb Phrase) * The phrase modifies the verb lived.
2. He told them that the people of three towns were going to meet for a time of dancing and feasting. * Of three towns modifies the noun people.
3. Tassai was one of the very last to come into the open place on that big day. (Adjective Phrase) Note: An adjective phrase may also modify the object of another prepositional phrase. * on that big day modifies the open place which is the object of the preposition into.
4. She liked to lie on the edge of the mesa and look over the desert and dream long dreams .(Adverb Phrase) * The phrase modifies the verb look.
5. She ran into the door and did not notice that
the little white girl who had followed her had stopped just outside the door way. * Into the door and outside the doorway modify the verbs ran and stopped.
B. Tenses of Verbs ( Simple Past...