The Janjua Rajputs and the Hindu Shahi Dynasty

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Janjua (also spelt Janjooa, Janjuha, Janjuah) are a royal warrior clan of South Asia.[vague] Some of the descendants of Janjua also claim to be Jat[1][2] Their warlike nature and dominant rule of their kingdoms against other tribes earned them a powerful reputation in Western Punjab, Afghanistan, Pakistan.[3][clarification needed] The Mughal Emperor Jalaludin Mohammed Akbar's record keeper Abu Fazl celebrated the Janjua Rajput as among the most renowned Rajputs of South Asia.[4] Contents  [hide]  * 1 Early history * 2 Janjua emperors of the Hindu Shahi Dynasty * 2.1 Jayapala * 2.2 Anandapala Shah * 2.3 Tirlochanpal Shah * 2.4 Bhimpala Shah * 3 Janjua rule of Mathura * 4 Raja Mal Khan * 4.1 Delhi Sultanate and the Janjua Rajput Rebellion * 5 Main branches * 5.1 Raja Jodh and Raja Veer/Bhir * 5.1.1 Malik Darwesh Khan * 5.2 Nawab Talib Mehdi Khan Janjua * 5.3 Janjua Sultans * 5.4 Sultan Behram Khan, ancestor of Janjuas of Kotli * 5.5 Bihal Rajputs * 6 The Janjuas and the Mughals * 6.1 Emperor Humayun * 6.2 Emperor Jalaludin Muhammad Akbar * 7 Janjuas and the Sikhs * 8 Forts and castles * 9 Characteristics * 10 Martial distinction during the British Raj * 10.1 Janjua contribution to World War I and II * 11 Notable Janjuas * 12 Diaspora * 13 Royal titles * 14 See also * 15 References * 16 Further reading * 17 External links| -------------------------------------------------

Early history
The Janjua Rajputs claim descent from the Pandava dynasty through the Pandav Prince Arjun.[5][6] Arjun was a cousin of Krishna and married Krishna's sister, Subhadra, to extend his dynasty. He performed Krishna's funeral rites.[7] Arjun's great grandson, Maharaja Janamejaya, is an apical ancestor of the Janjuas.[citation needed] Janamejaya was later the ruling Emperor of the Kingdom of Hastinapur, the capital of which was Indraprasta (modern day Delhi).[citation needed] Regarding the Janjuas descent from the Pandava dynasty, the Bali and Bhimwal generals of Raja Dhrupet Dev of Mathura, recorded that the Janjua Raja Dhrupet Dev was the descendant of Emperor Janamejaya of the Pandava dynasty of Prince Arjun.[8]

Alexander and the wounded King Porus near Jhelum, Pakistan Although there is no definitive source to confirm the ancestry of the ancientKing Porus of Punjab, the Janjua Rajputs claim that their ancestor, Rai Por is the Porus who fought Alexander in Punjab in 326BC.[9] Further, "The Punjabi ruler was Raja Porus, said to be a direct descendant of the Pandava kings".[10] -------------------------------------------------

Janjua emperors of the Hindu Shahi Dynasty
Around 964 CE, the Janjua chief Jayapala succeeded the Brahmin Hindu Shahiemperor Bhimdev. This gave the Janjua Shahiya emperors a territory from Ghandar (present day Kandahar, in Afghanistan) across the entire of Punjab in what was known as the second phase of the Hindu Shahiya, the Janjua Shahi Dynasty.[citation needed] Jayapala was challenged[when?] by the armies of Sabuktigin and his son, Mahmud of Ghazni. Captured after a fierce battle with Mahmud, Jayapala was ransomed and when released he committed suicide on a funeral pyre constructed for the purpose.[11] Misra says that "Jaypala was perhaps the last Indian ruler to show such spirit of aggression, so sadly lacking in later Rajput kings".[12] Anandapala Shah

His son, Anandapala, who ascended the throne in about March/April 1002 CE, had already proved to be an able warrior in leading battles. According to Adáb al-Harb,[13][full citation needed] around 990 Jayapala had instructed his son to rebuff the incoming forces of Raja Bharat, and this venture proved successful as Anandapala defeated Bharat. He took Bharat prisoner in the battle of Takeshar and then proceeded to capture the challenger's city...
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