By: Daniel Collins
March 26, 2013
The Jacksonian Era is a time period spanning from 1820-1840 where Andrew Jackson was trying to become president and his political philosophies had many supporters on the United States. Jackson's policies followed the era of Jeffersonian democracy which dominated the previous political era. Prior to and during Jackson's time as President, his supporters (the beginnings of the modern Democratic Party) were resisted by the rival Adams and Anti-Jacksonian factions, which later gave birth to the Whigs. More broadly, the term refers to the period of the Second Party System (mid 1830s-1840’s) when Jacksonian philosophy was ascendant as well as the spirit of that era. It can be contrasted with the characteristics of Jeffersonian democracy. Jackson's equal political policy became known as Jacksonian Democracy, subsequent to ending what he termed a "monopoly" of government. During the Jacksonian era, the electorate expanded to include all white male adult citizens, rather than only land owners in that group.
The Election of 1828 was anything but a bore. The factionalism within the Republican ranks led to a split and the creation of two parties—Jackson's Democratic Republicans and Adams's National Republicans. Martin Van Buren of New York, who preferred rivalries between parties to disputes within one party, masterminded the emergence of the Democrats. “The campaign itself was less about issues than the character of the two candidates. Jacksonians denounced Adams for being “an aristocrat” and for allegedly trying to influence Russian policy by providing Tsar Alexander I with an American prostitute during Adams's term as ambassador. Supporters of Adams vilified Jackson as a murderer (he had fought several duels), an adulterer, and an illiterate backwoodsman” (CliffsNotes.com). These attacks by the National Republicans did little to detract from Jackson’s popularity. Ordinary...