The Irish Question

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The Irish Question: an Irishman’s Pride
Jesimerl M. Apilan
Mindanao State University- Iligan Institute of Technology
Prof. Phyllis Marie Teanco
History 142

The Table of Contents

I. The Relations of Ireland and Britain before 1840’s…………………………………………3 II. The Fight for Irish Identity……………………………………………………………………..5
The Union and the loss of Irish Pride ………………………………………………….5
The Bills of 1886 and 1893 …………………………………………………………......6
The Sinn Fēin ………………………………………………………………………...…..7 III. Irish Free State …………………………………………………………………………….…..8 IV. Republic of Ireland …………………………………………………………………………….9
The Catholics and Protestants …………………………………………………….…….10 V. The Irish and British relations in the present ………………………………………………..11 VI. Conclusion …………………………………………………………………………….……….13 VII. References …………………………………………………………………………..……..…14

The relations of Ireland and Britain before 1840’s
Irish and British relations, as we all know, started when King Henry VIII took control in Ireland during the 1500s. King Henry forced his way to Ireland’s government and forced it also to declare him as the King of Ireland. As he was declared the king, he began to introduce new laws that greatly increased English control over Ireland and also introduced Protestantism, but it was to be said without any success. But after he died, English control did not perish, instead, Henry’s children Edward VI, Mary I, and Elizabeth I, continued to rule Ireland with greatly or mainly English control over it. Elizabeth I on the greater part, tried to establish Protestantism by outlawing the Catholic services and by executing Priests and Bishops. However, this only had the effect of uniting the Catholics more strongly against English rule. These following move and actions of English monarchs, lead to Irish fight over land. The first shown resistance against English rule was shown in the, Ulster Revolts, these revolts happened in the town of Ulster and these are leaded by Irish Chieftains. But these series of revolts, turned into a rebellion wherein violence was shown by the Irish people as their strong action against English rule, happened on October, 1641. The British on the other hand, counter backed with what the Irish people had shown earlier, they also used force and violence to suppress the said rebellion and as a result the Massacre of Drogheda happened on September 11, 1649, where in Oliver Cromwell took an army to Ireland and massacred a large number of Catholics at Drogheda as a “revenge” for the lives of some Protestants that were cost during the earlier rebellion of the Irish people and Catholics. The suppression of the English people to the Irish was at hold during the following years until the 23rd of April 1685, when James II became the King of England and Scotland. He was a Catholic and he abolished many of the anti-Catholic laws established in Ireland. Now, Irish people, especially Catholics have a man who could come to their rescue. Or rather not, because the British wouldn’t let that happen. In 1688, they invited, William of Orange to come take the throne of England and Scotland. William arrived with an army, and James II fled to Ireland. James II organized an army that would help him fight against William, but many Protestants, especially in Ulster supported William of Orange. William’s army defeated James II at this battle fought on the river Boyne in the North East of Ireland on 1st July 1690. Many Ulster Protestants fought with William and they became known as Orangemen. The event is still commemorated today. Over the past century, thousands of Catholics had been transported abroad or resettled in new areas and even more land had been seized by English Protestants. By 1703, 90% of the land in Ireland was owned by English nobles to whom the Catholic peasants had to pay rent.

As to what made the Catholic Irish people fire their feeling of hatred towards the English people is partly because of the unfair laws implemented by the Penal...
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