The Intertestamental Period

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LIBERTY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY

THE INTERTESTAMENTAL PERIOD

A Paper
Submitted to Dr. James F. Davis
In Partial Fulfillment
Of the Requirements for the Course
New Testament Introduction
(NBST 525)

By
Charles Koomson

March 3, 2013.

TABLE CONTENT

INTRODUCTION3
THE SECOND TEMPLE PERIOD4
THE GREEK PERIOD5
The Ptolematic Period……………………………………………………………………...6
The Seleucid Period………………………………………………………………………..7
PERIOD OF JEWISH SELF-RULE9
The Maccabees……………………………………………………………………………..9
The Hasmoneans…………………………………………………………………………...9
THE ROMAN PERIOD10
The Reign of Herod the Great11
The Roman Emperors11
THE ARRIVAL OF THE MESSIAH12
LITERATURE OF THE PERIOD13
THE JEWISH SECTS13
SIGNIFICANT GROUP IN THE PERIOD 14
CONCLUSION………………………………………………………………………………….15
BIBLIOGRAPHY……………………………………………………………………………….16

INTRODUCTION
According to Lance Lambert, the period between the end of the O.T. canon and the beginning of the N.T. has been called “the four hundred silent years.” They may indeed have been silent insofar as there was no great prophetic voice, or any appearance of directly inspired Scripture. If, however, we were to think of Divine Activity, these four hundred years were anything but silent. The fact that there was silence does not mean nothing took place at the time. Incredible and sweeping changes occurred in every area of human life. Generally, it is believed that while enormous world empires disappeared, others also appeared. The Jews were strewn all over the occupied earth, and everywhere they journeyed they gathered collectively for the purpose of worship and study. They evolved into a living witness of the living God among the Gentiles. “God’s Word, which is the very disclosure of Himself, was interpreted in its whole into Greek, and as e result numerous people became responsive of something before concealed.” Many nations were geared up; including the Promised Land itself, in terms of culture, politics, and religion all for the approaching of the savior of the world. The Old Testament canon was at last accepted as whole testifying to the coming of the Messiah. Kostenberger, a seasoned New Testament scholar attests to the events that transpired during the intertestamental period. He noted, “When the OT era ended, the Persian Empire was in control of Jerusalem and Judea. When the NT began, Rome was in charge”. This observation is a clear indication that many events and issues occurred during the period under review. This paper has as its objective to explicate the some events, individuals, and group of people who impacted the Jews and the promised land of Israel leading to the coming of Christ. It will also highlight the Maccabees as a group who affected the first century world of the New Testament. THE SECOND TEMPLE PERIOD

In-between the book of Malachi and the advent of John the Baptist lays a break of almost four hundred years. A number of scholars have labeled these years as the “silent years” and have relegated it to abeyance, not regarding it with much importance for the understanding of the history of the Jews and the development of the NT theology. To understand the Jewish history and religion, the period of the second temple needs to be considered. The geneses are immensely debated at present. A number of this account comes from biblical books that scholarship has not considered as historical for the past two hundred years. However, there is a general agreement that a fair volume concerning the history of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah during certain eras is known even though it comes from outside the biblical passage. As noted by Lester, “the period of the ‘First Temple’ came to an end in 587/586 BCE when the Babylonians conquered Jerusalem, executed some of the royal family and took others captive, and destroyed the temple.” Ezra and Nehemiah are the only biblical books...
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