The International Taekwondo Federation

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International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF) is a Taekwondo organization founded on April 11, 1955, by General Choi Hong Hi (최홍희) in Seoul, South Korea.[1] The ITF exists to promote and encourage the growth of the Korean martial art of Taekwondo. Taekwondo (태권도; 跆拳道; Korean pronunciation: [tʰɛkwʌndo]) is a Korean martial art and the national sport of South Korea. In Korean, tae (태, 跆) means "to strike or break with foot"; kwon (권, 拳) means "to strike or break with fist"; and do (도, 道) means "way", "method", or "path". Thus, taekwondo may be loosely translated as "the way of the hand and the foot." Taekwondo is known for its emphasis on kicking techniques, which distinguishes it from martial arts such as karate or southern styles of kung fu. The rationale is that the leg is the longest and strongest weapon a martial artist has, and kicks thus have the greatest potential to execute powerful strikes without successful retaliation. Historically, the Koreans thought that the hands were too valuable to be used in combat. ITF [International Taekwon-Do Federation]
FormationApril 11, 1955
Purpose/focusMartial art and sport
LocationPyeongyang, North Korea and Middlesex, United Kingdom

Region servedInternational
PresidentChang Ung, Choi Jung Hwa, Pablo Trajtenberg

RemarksIs not recognized by South Korean Government

Since taekwondo is developed in several different kwans, there are several different expressions of taekwondo philosophy. For example, the tenets of the ITF are said to be summed up by the last two phrases in the ITF Student Oath: "I shall be a champion of justice and freedom" and "I shall build a better and peaceful world." Although each taekwondo club or school will be different, a student typically takes part in most or all of the following: •Learning the techniques and curriculum of taekwondo

Both anaerobic and aerobic workout, including stretching •Self-defense techniques (hosinsool 호신술)
Patterns (also called forms, poomsae 품새/品勢, teul 틀, hyeong 형/型) •Sparring (called gyeorugi 겨루기, or matseogi 맞서기 in the ITF), which may include 7-, 3-, 2- and 1-step sparring, free-style sparring, arranged sparring, point sparring, and other types •Relaxation and meditation exercises; breathing control

Throwing and/or falling techniques (deonjigi 던지기 and ddeoreojigi 떨어지기) •A focus on mental and ethical discipline, etiquette, justice, respect, and self-confidence •Breaking (gyeokpa 격파 or weerok), using techniques to break boards for testing, training and martial arts demonstrations. Demonstrations often also incorporate bricks, tiles, and blocks of ice or other materials. Can be separated into three types: oPower breaking – using straightforward techniques to break as many boards as possible oSpeed breaking – boards are held loosely by one edge, putting special focus on the speed required to perform the break oSpecial techniques – breaking fewer boards but using jumping or flying techniques to attain greater heights, distances, or to clear obstacles •Exams to progress to the next rank

Some schools teach the "sine wave" technique when performing patterns. This involves raising one's center of gravity between techniques, then lowering it as the technique is performed, producing the up-and-down movement from which the term "sine wave" is derived. Other schools teach that one's center of gravity should remain generally constant throughout the performance of a pattern except where the pattern's description states otherwise. History

The oldest Korean martial art was an amalgamation of unarmed combat styles developed by the three rival Korean Kingdoms of Goguryeo, Silla, and Baekje, where young men were trained in unarmed combat techniques to develop strength, speed, and survival skills. The most popular of these techniques was subak, with taekkyeon being the most popular of the segments of subak. Those...
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