The International Humanitarian Law, Human Rights and Syria.
Over the past few years the world has witnessed a series of events that have been triggering throughout several countries in the Middle East, against the authoritarian regimes of the region. One of the most recent events of the Arab Spring has emerged in Syria, where its people referred as “the rebels” have decided to confront the government of the actual president Bashar Al Assad. The situation in Syria has become so alarming that it has captured the attention of countries throughout the world and also from international organizations like the UN and the ICRC, in order to try and intervene to stabilize the situation. The ICRC has tried to intervene in Syria focusing on the International Humanitarian Law (IHL), which is built out of the four Geneva Conventions to protect those involved in the conflict and try to get to an agreement between both sides of the conflict. In spite of trying to intervene in this armed conflict between rebels and the government, the Red Cross or in this case the Red Crescent has not been able to successfully help as an impartial entity because of the lack of cooperation from both sides. While other international organizations like the United Nations have been debating to intervene in the conflict not only for the amount of violations in the conflict from The UN Declaration of Human Rights, but also because it has been proven the use of nuclear weapons in the conflict breaking the Nuclear Non-Proliferation treaty. Both of these organizations are focused on helping and protecting their country members in order to be able to live in a world with more stabilization and without conflicts, but not always they run with the luck of being able of accomplishing their goals and mission in order to help and protect like it has been with the Syria case. The International Committee of the Red Cross is a non-governmental organization that was created in 1863 after the Solferino Battle by Henry Dunant. The Red Cross is an independent and impartial organization that provides help for victims of any member country, whether by armed conflicts, terrorist attacks or natural disasters, that need the help without caring the political or religious ideology that either countries or different parties have. The committee of the Red Cross’s International Humanitarian Law is based in three principles in which are assistance, prevention and cooperation. Assistance basically means to provide the victims with aid in their health, water, habitat and economic security. Prevention means to try and educate those who hold arms or may be involved in the conflict, to try and decrease the amount of casualties in armed conflicts. The last principle is cooperation for the strengthening of capacity, assistance and following of what is happening in the place of need. In a situation that requires the intervention of the Red Cross or the Red Crescent, the organization follows some legal bases like the previously mentioned IHL, which is the essence of the four Geneva conventions and of the Additional Protocol I, II and III. The treaties of the Geneva Conventions proclaim the protection and aid to the wounded and sick of the arm forces on land; wounded and castaways of the arm forces in the sea; prisoners of war and civilians. The International Humanitarian Law tries to balance the military necessity vs humanity and for that at the same time, it tries to decide whether the conflict can be protected under the IHL. The conflict is studied under three different principles than the ones previously mentioned. The first one is the principle of distinction of the conflict; the second one is proportion of the military advantages or expected damage to civilians in the form of casualties. The third and last principle is precaution, as how to choose wisely the arms to attack certain altercations, to give warnings and more. The ICRC is divided into the National Red Cross which can be...
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