Students’ achievement in any teaching and learning situation is very important. Unfortunately, students’ performance in secondary school has not been very encouraging as consistently highlighted by the moderators and chief Examiners reports and WAEC and NECO business studies results for past decade. This problem of poor performance is apparently assuming a dimension that could affect the entire economy situation in the country. However, effort has been made in this paper to assess the influence of teachers and learners relationship on academic performance, also solutions has also been profered in the paper to revert this appalling situation in the educational sector.
Over the years, divergent views have been expressed as to the falling standard of education in the Nigeria. This view has been attributed partly to the woeful performance of the students with particular reference to senior secondary school certificate examination. Despite the unique contributions of education to the Nigerian economy system (that is, socio-economic, political and physical development), it cannot still be regarded as an advance sector due to the various factors, constraints and challenges that face the system. Education asserts the need to inculcate in our youths, the essential knowledge, skills and attitudes. Unfortunately, education is at present in an unfavourable teaching and learning condition in the secondary schools which are expected to generate adequate number of independent Nigerian citizen and self-reliance in the country. This poor performance has been attributed to a number of causes, among which are laxity on the part of the teachers and non-challant attitudes of parent. Moreso, inadequate / lack of students and teachers relationship among the noticeable problems remained a major challenge to student academic performance in secondary school.
Most of the studies which have been carried out on the teaching and learning confirm the deterioration / deteriorating condition of students’ performance in examinations. In addition, learning has not been able to win adequate number of adherents. All have pointed to a number of human, material and financial problems which are clogs in the wheel of student progress in the learning identifiable problems facing effective teaching and learning process are the dearth of professionally qualified and dedicated teacher in the classrooms, inadequate and ineffective use of instructional materials, lack of appropriate and easily affordable text and reference books, inadequate time-on task and gross negligence of field survey. Paramount among the casual factors of students’ poor performance is the poor quality of instruction. Recongnisably, the teachers mode of presentation, explanation and ordering of elements of the learning task do not approach the optimum for a given learner, learning outcome will of course dampen students spirit in the learning contents.
Eminent scholars have consequently called for a radical change in educational objectives, contents and the methodology. Teachers cannot afford to ignore the factors of effective teaching and learning because teaching begins where the learners are. It is therefore becoming increasingly important of immediate need to engage in a challenging and a high quality instructions strategy to improve the level of students’ performance in the teaching and learning process. Teaching aim at increasing the effectiveness of the learners and it aids learning which results into a change in the behaviour of an individual if exposed to some kind of experiences. The problem of successful teaching is to organize learning for authentic results. The process of teaching the learners is to provide meaningful experiences or accommodate individual learning styles. Success in teaching depends on the teachers’ ability to provide positive reinforcement, maintain appropriate discipline, inspire interest in the subject matter, present an exciting...
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