Road accident is global tragedy with ever-rising trend. (Abdul Kareem (2003, p.31) has stated in his book that 1.17 million deaths occur each year worldwide due to road accidents 70% of which occur in developing countries. 65% of deaths involve pedestrians, 35% of which are children. In Malaysia, road accidents represent a major public health problem, because of the high number of victims involved and because of the seriousness of the consequences for themselves and for their families. Based on the Ops Sikap statistics, for year 2005, the total numbers of accidents have a huge amount of 328,264. But then, 13,513 accidents were reported between Jan 23 and Feb 6 in year 2006, which was a 14.8% increase compared with the corresponding period for year 2005, thus we can know that accidents rate in Malaysia is actually increasing with a scary speed (Chua, 2006).
Although road accidents in Malaysia have escalated in the past few years, it is still unsure as to who is to be blamed for this increasing rate of accidents. When the accident rate is increasing, many people tend to blame the government, but actually, beside government, there are also other factors that partly responsible for the increasing rate of accidents in Malaysia. The purpose of the research is to explore which parties are equally responsible for the causes of accidents. Although government have its responsible on this issues, some private sectors, driver behavior and parents are also responsible as these parties also contributes to the increasing accidents rate.
In Malaysia, our highways are well-known for its low quality of highways surface and also its confusing identification signs. The uneven road surfaces, potholes and signs without a detailed map to the driver is always a cause of accidents on the road. More than that, the highways maintenance is also very less efficient.
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