The Inca Empire
The Inca Empire was one of the most extraordinary, monumental and organized civilization in America. Their domain extended from northern Ecuador to central Chile. Its capital was called Cuzco, which in Quechua means "Navel of the World". By the time of the Spanish arrival this city had 100,000 inhabitants. Their chief god was the Sun; called "Inti", this is also the second Peruvian currency. The foundation of the Empire was attributed to the Inca Manco Capac in the thirteenth century. The last emperor Atahualpa was executed by Francisco Pizarro in 1533 in the city of Cajamarca. The Inca emperors were able to maintain and develop its vast domain, due to the concern for the welfare and happiness of his subjects. They did not know about hunger and injustice; their system had been called paternalistic Empire because it was well organized. The Inca culture was the result of the merger of three cultures that preceded it: Tiahuanaco culture (1000-1300 d. BC) in the region of Lake Titicaca (Peru-Bolivia), the Nazca culture of the southern of Peru, Mochica culture-Michu Ina, in the north coast. The former Inca territory, Peru, is located in the southern hemisphere, with 6,940 km of borders (Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Ecuador). Its total area included its islands in the Pacific Ocean and Lake Titicaca is 1'285, 216 km2, with a coastline of 3,079.5 kilometers and a maritime domain of 321.87 kilometers along the coast. (Rostoworowski de Diez Canseco, 1999) Inca is a word that comes from the Quechua language and means "king" or "lord". Inca is the name given to pre-Columbian rulers of Cuzco. They established a vast empire in the Andes about the fifteenth century, shortly before the Spanish conquest. The name also applies to all subjects of the Inca Empire. The Inca civilization was established to be the final and most developed of the ancient Andean civilizations. The Incas were great...
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