The Inactivation Mechanism of Hydrochlorination of Acetylene Using Mercury-Free Catalysts

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TECHNICAL SUPPORT DOCUMENT PART A

VINYL CHLORIDE

OCTOBER 1990 State of California

i

Air Resources Board Stationary Source Division

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We wish to acknowledge the valuable assistance of the following people at the Air Resources Board who contributed to the preparation and review of this document: Pacita Ayala, Rich Miller, Lynn Baker, Gary Yee. Barbara Fry. Charles W. Emrson. Janis Fitzell. Roland Hwang. and Mike Poore. Special thanks are extended to the laboratory personnel of the South Coast Air Quality Managemnt District.

October 1990

This report has been reviewed by the staff of the California Air Resources Board and approved for publication. Approval does not signify that the contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources Board. nor does mention of trade names or comnercial products constitute endorsement or r e c o m n d a t i o n for use. ' In preparing this report, the staff reviewed pertinent literature published through December 1989.

TECHNICAL SUPPORT DOCUMENT PART A REPORT TO THE AIR RESOURCES BOARD ON VINYL CHLORIDE

.

PUBLIC EXPO&RE TO. SOURCES. AND EMISSIONS OF VINYL CHLORIDE IN CALIFORNIA

Coordipptpt Barbara Cook Princi~al InveJtioatars Richard Corev Tom ~ a r k e r Barbara Cook

Paul Allen Renee Capouya Steve Hui Chris Nguyen and Roger Atkinson. Ph.D. (University of California, Riverside)

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b~ and A D D ~ O V ~ ~

Joan Denton. Ph.D., Manager Substance Evaluation Section Genevieve Shiroma, Chief Toxic Air Contaminant Identification Branch Peter D. Venturini, Chief Stationary Source Division

October 1990

PRELIMINARY EXPOSURE TO AND SOURCES OF ATMOSPHERIC VINYL CHLORIDE I N CALIFORNIA

.

TABLE OF CONTENTS Page L I S T OF APPENDICES L I S T OF TABLES L I S T OF FIGURES

................................................. ..................................................... i ii ii .................................................... i i i

. I INTRODUCTION .

................................................. A-1 I 1. PRODUCTION. 'USES AND EMISSIONS ............................... A-4 A . PRODUCTION ............................................ A-4 B . CURRENT AND PROJECTED ................................. A-5 C . LANDFILLS: A POTENTIAL MAJOR EMISSION SOURCE .......... A-5 0 . OTHER KNOWN EMISSION SOURCES .......................... A-12 E . OTHER POTENTIAL EMISSION SOURCES ....................... A-15 F . REFERENCES ............................................. A-16 I11 . EXPOSURE TO VINYL CHLORIDE ...................................A-20 ...................... A-20 A-31 ...................................A-28 . ..................... ......................... A-34 A-37 ............................................ A-39 A-41 I V . PROPERTIES AND PERSISTENCE I N THE ATMOSPHERE .......,........ A-41 A . PHYSICAL PROPERTIES A B C 0 E F

. . . . . .

AMBIENT MONITORING I N CALIFORNIA ESTIMATING AMBIENT CONCENTRATIONS ..................... ...........................-......... POPULATION EXPOSURE INDOOR EXPOSURE TO VINYL CHLORIDE EXPOSURE THROUGH OTHER ROUTES REFERENCES ~

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B . ATMOSPHERIC PERSISTENCE
C

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REFERENCES

............................... A-47 ............................................A-41 s..................................

LIST OF APPENDICES APPENDIX APPENDIX APPENDIX APPENDIX APPENDIX APPENDIX APPENDIX I I1

- SCAQMD'S

ANALYTICAL METHOD FOR SAMPLING AN0 ANALYSIS OF ATMOSPHERIC VINYL CHLORIDE

- DESCRIPTION OF GLEIT'S METHOD I11 - ESTIMATE OF TOTAL EXPOSURE TO VINYL CHLORIDE FROM INDOOR AIR IV - INFORMATION REQUEST LETTER WITH ATTACHMENTS AND RESPONSES V - HEALTH EFFECTS REQUEST TO DHS AND LETTER OF RESPONSE =VI - LANDFILL GAS TESTING PROGRAM DATA VII - ARB MONITORING AND LABORATORY DIVISION'S METHOD FOR CALCULATING THE LIMIT OF DETECTION

L I S T OF TABLES AN0 F-IGURES Page
11-1 VINYL CHLORIDE LANDFILL EMISSION ESTIMATES

11-2

.................. A-9 SUMMARY OF VINYL...
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