oa literature review is used as a research method in itself. It uses existing research and data to draw conclusions oa literature review is an examination of existing research that has been conducted on a particular topic or issue. It involves the researcher summarising the views, opinions and findings of other researchers oa literature review is used to provide background information and allows you to gain an in depth understanding of the topic prior to conducting your own primary research othe purpose of using a literature review as a research method is to gather existing quantitative and qualitative data from a variety of sources ousing a literature review as a research methodology helps you to collect secondary research data oResearch is made in order to inform people with new knowledge or discovery. However, it is not to be expected that everybody would willingly believe what you are tackling in your whole research paper. Thus, what you can do to make your research more credible will be to support them with other works which have spoken about the same topic that you have for your research. This is where literature review comes in. •
You can even have literature sources in works such as stories, comments, project, speech, article, novel, poem, essay, program, theory, and others. This is why literature review involves scanning the pages of any published literature like books, newspaper, magazine, website, webpage, collection, paper, pamphlet, and the like where you may be able to find any reference to the same topic that you are researching on. This time, “literature’” does not exclusively refer to the poetic rendition of words, like that of Shakespeare alone. •
There are many reasons why literature review is rendered as a significant part of any research or dissertation paper. Literature review is the part of the paper where the researcher will be given the opportunity to strengthen your paper for you will be citing what other reliable authors have said about your topic. This will prove that you are not just writing about any random subject but that many others have also poured their thoughts on the topic.
2) ETHICS IN RESEARCH
orefers to the moral principles and standards that help individuals understand what is considered to be right and wrong. Ethics in research guide how research is carried out. Ethics protect the rights, physical and emotional welfare of the subject oethics also ensure that the data and hence the results are obtained in a manner that would be acceptable to all researchers and honest people oThe principle of voluntary participation requires that people not be coerced into participating in research. This is especially relevant where researchers had previously relied on 'captive audiences' for their subjects -- prisons, universities, and places like that. oClosely related to the notion of voluntary participation is the requirement of informed consent. Essentially, this means that prospective research participants must be fully informed about the procedures and risks involved in research and must give their consent to participate. oEthical standards also require that researchers not put participants in a situation where they might be at risk of harm as a result of their participation. Harm can be defined as both physical and psychological. oThere are two standards that are applied in order to help protect the privacy of research participants. Almost all research guarantees the participants confidentiality -- they are assured that identifying information will not be made available to anyone who is not directly involved in the study. The stricter standard is the principle of anonymity which essentially means that the participant will remain anonymous throughout the study -- even to the researchers themselves. Clearly, the anonymity standard is a stronger guarantee of privacy, but it is sometimes difficult to accomplish, especially in...