THE IMPORTANCE OF ETHICS AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILTY
IN ORGANISATIONAL CONTEXT
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 Organizational Context4
1.2 Ethics and social responsibility5-6
1.3 The Importance of Ethics and Social Responsibility7
1.3.1 The importance of Ethics7-8
1.3.2 The Importance of Social Responsibility8-9
2. AGRUMENTS ON IMPORTANCE OF ETHICS AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY10 2.1 Arguments For10-11
2.2 Arguments Against12
3. approaches to sustain high level of organisation’s ethics and social responsibility 13 3.1 Encouraging Ethical Behavior in Organisation13-14
3.2 Implementation of Social Responsibility Program15
Ethics and social responsibility are fundamental to an organisation. They are the key of success in organisation. Unethical behaviors or action of organisation culture will cause failure and ineffective to entire organisation. To avoid this happen, an organisation must effectively manage ethical behavior and implement excellent approaches to sustain high level of organization’s ethics and social responsibility.
The purpose of this literature review is to review the importance of ethics and social responsibility in organisational context and how an organisation should actively and effectively manage them in order to success. The starting review is to understanding the ethics and social responsibility in organisational context. Ethics and social responsibility are not same in both term and meaning.
The second review is the importance of ethics and social responsibility in organisational context. Then, it follows by the argumentation of the importance of ethics and social responsibility. Last review is the suggestion of approaches to sustain high level of organization's ethics and social responsibility and how to implement in effective ways.
In conclusion, ethics and social responsibility are different but they are often referring to the success of an organisation. There is no doubt in their importance in organisation. Therefore, implementing excellent approaches can sustain high level of organization’s ethics and social responsibility.
2.1 Organisational Context
Organisations comprise people with different philosophical values, cultural adherences and religious beliefs (D. Smith, L. Drudy, 2008).
D.Smith and L. Drudy (2008) further explained that an organisation can be analysed formally by looking at the personnel arranged in a hierarchy of authority. Those in policy-making higher positions are regarded as professional managers. An informal examination looks at the culture which is the glue of the organisation. This includes the values and beliefs of all participants, as well as the internal and external interpretation of their beliefs. These may include the difference between policy and actual practice and the psychological predisposition of the members of the organisation.
Organisational success comes from identifying required tasks, assigning tasks according to individual and group abilities, and combining their efforts to achieve shared purposes. Thus, ethics and social responsibility play an essential role to ensure the success of organisational.
2.2 Ethics and Social Responsibility
Ethics and social responsibility are concepts that are fundamentally about the quality of our relationships over time (V.S Rama, 2008). To ensure that these concepts is understood and advanced by all in the organisation, it is important to us to define their term. The term of ethics and social responsibility means different things to different people. According to Megan (2004) Ethic is …..an individual belief system that consists of knowing
what is right and wrong. Ethics can vary person to person.
Ethics is in part analyzing decisions, beliefs, and actions.
Whereas, according to Loi, (2010), ethics as the challenge to...