Thinking is such a natural process; we all do it continually and instinctively yet it seems difficult to define. Nonetheless, thinking can be broken down into two categories: critical and logical. Critical thinking is "the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from or generated by: observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action." (Ken Petress 2004). While logical thinking is a scientific and precise way of reasoning to determine validity or fallacy. The relationship between logical and critical thinking is that critical thinking is the process of analyzing and evaluating; while logic is one of the tools used in analyzing and evaluating. Our focus currently, is logical thinking and logical fallacies and how the effect our critical thinking and decision-making. Fallacious reasoning may inhibit our critical thinking. Fallacies are errors in reasoning. Fallacies, such as past belief, straw man, non sequester, questionable cause, and appeal to pity to name a few, is when ones arguments prove the reasoning to be invalid. These errors in reasoning take away from the effectiveness of our arguments and our ability to think logically and critically. I believe that fallacies can also interfere in the decision making process because if we do not realize that a fallacy exists we can use an in valid arguments as part of our framing the problem, making the decision, or evaluating the decision. It is important to learn to recognize these errors to prevent us from make them and to be able to detect fallacies in others to have more effective and critical thinking and decision-making. Fallacies are commonly used and can be found all around us. Below are some examples of Fallacies any why I believe they are errors in reasoning. Past Belief
John Edwards stated, in a political ad for John Kerry, that "if you...
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