CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT ( HMEF5073 )
THE IMPORTANCE OF CONSIDERING PHILOSOPHICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS IN DEVELOPING A CURRICULUM.
A comprehensive view of the curriculum requires a consideration of the nature and needs of the individual, the aspirations and requirements of society, and the process by which the individual incorporates experience. As the study on curriculum is very wide, the audience chosen should be from all walks of life. As proposed by Golan Steven (1982); Interviews were conducted with a state director of business and office education, superintendent, curriculum director, director of vocational education, principal, business education department chairman, business education faculty member, parent, and student. The instrument used was "What Do You Believe?," 15 statements of ideas expressed in educational literature pertaining to a line of action for curriculum improvement. Reactions to six statements were in strong agreement. The functioning philosophy of participants would, therefore, include those statements dealing with exposing students to what man knows and does not know, personalized curriculum, benefits of learning from peers and groups, learning difficulties beginning in disturbed home relationships, limits of the subject-matter patterns of organization, and encouragement of developing creative thinking.
“The purpose of education in Malaysia is to enable Malaysian society to have a command of the knowledge, skills, and values necessary in a world that is highly competitive and globalised, arising from the impact of rapid development in science, technology, and information”. Preamble to the Education Act (1996). So, I would like to take this topic, the importance of considering philosophical and psychological foundations in developing a curriculum by putting it into Malaysian scene. In other words, at the same time I shall be looking into...