The Importance of Carnivalesque in Twelfth Night
The theory of Carnivalesque was presented by a Russia critic Mikhail Bakhtin, his theory proposed that the nature of Carnivalesque liberates the assumptions of the higher class through humour and chaos, in other words the nature of Carnivalesque mocks the behaviour of those higher in authority and presents them as an everyday fool whereas in reality they are regarded as far more intelligent than others and they rarely possess a foolish thought, as they depict a jester to be foolish, but in fact his intelligence is shown in the play ‘Twelfth Night’ The concept of Carnivalesque derives from a feast named ‘Feast of Fools’ this festival granted the assumed fools in society a chance to enter socio-political discourse without being punished, to a certain degree they were allowed a brief sense of being part of the higher class, and attempting to involve themselves in their types of discussion without others criticising them for speaking out of term. This festival allowed social revolution where equality of status, power and respect became equal to all, in literacy forms Carnivalesque refers to the characters resistance to a higher authority where their positions in society can change, and cultural and political transformation can take place, this is due to the fact that during this festival all statues are equal and they are granted the ability to express their rebellious view points on any political or cultural aspect of their life. This festival gives the lower class a relief from the burdening feudal system which does not allow them to strive to a higher place in the hierarchy, in comparison the feudal system oppress people in lower authority to just obey the commands given by those in higher authority. The classic comical scene of Malvolio in yellow stockings is associated with the nature of Carnivalesque; in this scene it is important that this aspect of Carnivalesque is present because this mockery of a higher...
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