Aquaculture contributes about 20 percent of the total catch in Malaysia. One of the importances of aquaculture is to supply protein. Of resources the Department of Fisheries, in the year 2007, aquaculture has contributed approximately 268.5 tonnes of protein supply to the country. The aquaculture sector remains a supplier to the country and contributing to economic growth because of this protein supply. Aquaculture also acts as an alternative to marine fisheries that cannot provide year-round fish, such as during the monsoon season. Shrimp, grouper and catfish are among the alternatives that can be supplied by aquaculture in this season. Here is a graph showing the aquaculture production from 2006 to 2011.
In 2004, overall production was recorded at 202.225 tonnes, an increase of 2.72% compared to 2003. Aquaculture has contributed over 12% of fish production. The production value increased by 7.86% from RM 1,172.3 million to 1,264.5 million. In 1996, statistical data statistics show that aquaculture production in Malaysia contributes 11% or 132.442 tonnes of fish production in Malaysia for export. Aquaculture is one of the sectors with the greatest potential and contributes to the economy.
Table 1: Statistics of Aquaculture Production in Malaysia from 1991 to 1996 ('000 tonnes) Sector| Area | 1991| 1992| 1993| 1994| 1995| 1996|
Marine aquaculture| SabahSarawakWP LabuanPeninsular Malaysia| 0.900.500.0048.30| 0.900.100.0062.70| 2.100.050.0086.10| 2.900.080.0092.60| 3.200.100.00110.70| 2.600.500.0098.70| Freshwater aquaculture| SabahSarawakWP LabuanPeninsular Malaysia| 6.200.200.004.70| 7.101.600.007.30| 5.800.800.008.90| 6.001.300.0011.20| 6.101.200.0011.20| 6.500.800.0014.70| *Source : Annual Fisheries Statistic, DOF Malaysia (1991-1996)
Aquaculture encourage research and development field (R & D). It helps to improve the technology in the country through R & D programs such as breeding...