The Importance of Africa to the World System After 9/11 Attacks: War on Terrorism or Integration for Sustainable Development the Case of the Security of the Gulf of Guinea Region

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The Importance of Africa to the World System After 9/11 Attacks: War on Terrorism or Integration for Sustainable Development
The Case of the Security of the Gulf of Guinea Region

File history File links Metadata Global file usage Map of the Gulf of Guinea showing the chain of islands formed by the Cameroon line of volcanoes 10th Semester
Thesis dissertation in fulfilment of the requirements for the Award of Master of Science Degree in Development and International Relations, Department of History, International and Social Studies University of Aalborg Denmark

Presented by: Chrisantus Chuzeh Chuzeh
Supervised by: Pr. Mammo Muchie
June 2010
Acknowledgement I acknowledge that ‘’anything worth doing should be well done’’ for in life ‘’if we make a choice, God will make a change’’. Do not waste your life in the doubts and fears, spend yourself on the work before you, well assured that the right performance of this hours duties will be the best preparation for the hours or ages that follows it. Ralph Waldo Emerson 1803- 1882, American Essayist Poet and Philosopher.

Dedication
I wish to recognize the vision and enthusiasm of the Cosmopolitan Youths Service Peace Corps (CYSPCO) for the enthusiasm and zeal to carry on even in trying moments. To my beautiful daughter Augusta for burning the battle. I remain sincerely and immensely thankful to my professors, especially Mammo, Wolfgang, Li, Opoku, Johannes, and Bonn for believing in me.
Abstract

We are living in very difficult times and with the system of things, nothing seems to obey to the static law. Everything seems to be in constant motion. The world is fast becoming a global village and an understanding of a given phenomenon within a local setting no longer seems to respond to the local realities but rather connects to external complexities. An understanding of our social world becomes complex without a critique of the geopolitics and geo-strategy underpinning the political and economic dynamics of the internal and external, the states and the markets, the north and south, the poor and the rich, the local and the global as well as the East from the West, connecting the economy, politics and society. All through the post World War II and a better part of the Cold War period, IR was dominated and viewed through the security lens. International economic relations and cooperation was second best. In the 1980s, with the end of the Cold War and the fall of the second world the USSR, the de-linking of the dollar from the Gold standard and the collapse of the Breton Wood system putting IR in difficulty, the political salience of the rising oil prices, the coming into being of the globalization era marked by heightened global interdependence, the integration and expansion of EU, the rise of the Asian tigers, the debate and contestations of the world order between the established power, the emerging powers and the world orders of some terrorist networks and religious fundamentalists extremist men of God and those who kill in Gods name, the rise of non state actors such as international organizations and MNCs / TNCs and the would be retreat of the state, the collapse of the Berlin wall and the release of Nelson Mandela from prison followed by the outbreak of the war in the Gulf of Persia, marked the end of the old world order and the beginning of the new world order, characterised the international scene with turbulence that marked a shift in focus of the global political economy from IR to IPE, from states to global markets, that is...
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