Free Software For Society : Selected essays of Richard –Book 1 This book is about open source method and how it works in real life. The author explains difference between free software & free and open source software. Goshua says that open source does not mean it has to be free. Furthermore he says that commercial software can be open source and still the vendors can charge for their products, which will help the customer because consumer will get the usual tech support and upgrades, while advance users can change that software by their preference. Ultimately leaving both the user and vendor satisfied. Author mentions the counterattacks taken by software vendors, to prevent open source software being popular. (Gay .J 2002 p57) says that “Sooner or later users will be invited to switch back to proprietary software for some practical advantage. Countless companies seek to offer such a temptation, and why would user decline?” also he adds the importance of software freedom “Only if they have learned to value the freedom free software gives the for its own sake” The Values of software freedom is a emphasized issue in this book. The author is pointing out the flaws of teachings when it comes to open source. According to(Gay .J, 2002 .p57) “We are failing to keep up with influx of free software users, failing to teach people about freedom and our community as fast as they enter. This is why non free software, and partially free operating system distributions, find such fertile ground ”
Software Copyright Law—Book 2
This book is by David Bainbridge, and which is mainly focused on the legal implication of free and open source software. Author states that commercial software can be open source, but vendor should charge reasonably for the source code. Which will give the user the freedom to change the software as preferred. According to (Bainbridge,D. 1994 .p207) “if a receiver appointed, he or she may be prepared to allow the client to have a copy of the source code and the other materials such as the specification and flowcharts but will require payment for these items” Moreover the author mention the escrow arrangement ,which enable the user’s ability to manipulate the source code, He define the escrow arrangement as “the software producer deposit, with an independent third party, a copy of the source code of the programs together with copies with all the documentation and flowcharts relevant to the design and development of the software.” (Bainbridge,D. 1994 .p207) also he mention that the user ability to change the source code is somewhat limited, yet in special occurrences it is possible.
On free vs. proprietary—Website 1
This web article is all about the “War” between free software and proprietary software (commercial software).the Author Edward Macnaghten is trying to vividly explain both sides of the stories. And the aftermath of this conflict. He (Edward) says that there is currently a competition going on between two types of business models. “Each have their strong advocates, supporters and enemies. Flame wars has raised the temperature of various communication channels. So called “independent” analysts have thrown in their lot with one, singing the praises of their choice, while condemning to the depths of Hades the other, regardless of the facts. In short, it’s good old fashioned fun for all and sundry”. Furthermore he shows how Commercial software works, and why do people sell software. According to the author “Say you write and create an amazing piece of software. You then sell and license this software, keeping tabs on it, such that you are the only one to have control over it. Should you sell enough you can reduce the price to what would be a pittance to most. You can then re-invest the money you receive to make even better and more amazing pieces of software. With cross-licensing agreements with other software companies and acquisitions, you can produce yet even better software, and so it goes on,...
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