The Impact of Military Technology in World War 1
The First World War revolutionised the way wars were fought. Combat morphed from a rapid, noble and relatively ephemeral thing to a completely new type of combat. Many divisions in the army which used to be of extreme significance in previous battles became redundant during the First World War and other new divisions such as the artillery came into the spotlight. World War 1 is extremely significant in technological and military history as it marked the debut of many new types of weapons. Some examples are machine guns and flame throwers. Tanks and dreadnoughts were invented by the British while the Germans invented U-boats and used poisonous gas for the first time. It was a war that changed the way wars were fought thereafter. All of this can only be attributed to the progress made by technology before and during the war. During this war the cavalry was no longer important, horses were used for transport and travel rather than during combat. A new division called the artillery was formed. Land battles were not the way they used to be, a new kind of warfare called ‘trench warfare’ came into existence .The navy and air force which were never of much significance earlier became integral parts of the war and great technological developments were made in these fields too.
The arms and ammunition available during the First World War was incredible. During the times of Napoleon the kind of arms used were rifles and those too not extensively. However during World War 1 the arms and ammunition became sophisticated and extremely abundant. Though machine guns were first used during the American Civil War their efficiency reached frighteningly new levels during World War 1.At that time they were termed as ‘weapons of mass destruction’. The artillery was the new and upgraded versions of the cannons. The Germans developed the ‘Big Bertha’; it was so powerful that it could fire at the heart of Paris from 120 km away. Not...
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