The Impact of Martin Luther King Jr's Civil Rights Movement

Topics: African American, Martin Luther King, Jr., Coretta Scott King Pages: 5 (1837 words) Published: November 25, 2013
Introduction
       Martin Luther King, Jr. was one of the most inspiring people of all time. He was an activist, who was fighting against racial discrimination and for the blacks’ rights in the 1950s. Martin Luther King, Jr. was the son of Martin Luther King, Sr., who was a great activist and leader in the early stages of the civil rights movement. He also had a huge impact on his son. Martin Jr. witnessed a lot of racial discrimination against blacks during his early life. Living in a society where he and other African-Americans had fewer rights than all other people, along with other influential motivations, pushed him into living his life trying to retrieve the African-Americans’ rights and trying to help create a society, where all people are treated equally.        Walking the road to reach his goal, King, Jr. became leader of the American civil rights movement, a massive anti-racism protest movement in the southern United States. It aimed to eradicate any signs of racial discrimination and restored the African-Americans their rights. They had organized huge protests that showed how the black people were fed up of this system and demanded their rights, like the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the March on Washington in 1963. With their organization, confidence and power of will, they managed to achieve many successful events and provide more rights to the blacks, including the Civil Rights Act of 1964. King was an important key in the success of the movement, his impact on the movement was extensive. He was the epitome of a great leader, fighting for equal rights without the use of violence and aggression. People looked up to him. Aside from his public speaking skills, his ability to persuade and motivate his crowd was astonishing and it was the reason he had a lot of supporters. He won masses of awards and gained public recognition during his life and even after his death. Until this day, we still witness the impact Martin Luther King, Jr.’s made on the civil rights movement and on the world. Martin Luther King, Jr.

       To begin with, who was Martin Luther King, Sr.? Martin Luther King, Sr. was King, Jr.’s father. He was born on December 19, 1899 in Stockbridge, Georgia. He married Alberta Williams King’s wife, and was father of three children, Martin Luther King, Jr., Christine King Farris and Alfred Daniel Williams King. He was the leader of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia and afterwards became leader of the civil rights movement. Being an activist demanding equal rights, he encouraged his son, King Jr., to become like him. And indeed, Martin Luther King, Jr. later became an activist against the same cause. King Sr. was basically the motivation for his son’s activism. Martin Luther King, Jr. was actually born on January 15, 1929 as Michael King, but his father changed his name to Martin later in his life, after being inspired by the German theologian, Martin Luther. King had a younger brother and an older sister. He went to Booker T. Washington High School till the age of fifteen and then attended Morehouse College. He graduated in 1948. On June 18, 1953 King married Coretta Scott and had four children, Martin Luther King III, Yolanda King, Dexter Scott King and Bernice King. Beginning his career as an activist, King was inspired by many factors and beliefs. Aside from Jesus Christ and his religion, his main inspiration was that he wanted to become like his father and grandfather, who were both civil rights activists. Also, Martin King was motivated by Mahatma Gandhi and his policies of non-violence. He always wanted to visit India; on April 1959 he managed to accomplish his goal and went on a journey to India, where he understood more about Gandhi’s non-violent policies. Also, Martin was influenced by Henry David Thoreau, who had theories about using nonviolence to achieve social change. King had his own belief that African Americans should be indemnified for all the wrongs they have received....
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