TOPIC:THE IMPACT OF ETHNICITY ON CIVIL SERVICE DELIVERY IN NIGERIA.
NAME:MKPA, PRINCE IYANAM
PRGM:M.SC PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
DEPT:POLITICAL SCIENCE AND
UNIVERSITY OF UYO.
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE COURSE REQUIREMENT: PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN NIGERIA (POL 612)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Definition of term---------
Statement of problem--------
Impact of ethnicity on civil service-delivery in Nigeria--- Measures to eradicate ethnicity in the service ----
How to overcome ethnicity in the service-----
The Nigerian Civil Service had its root from the British superstructure and the native system of administration created in 1900, (Ezindu, 2009). During the colonial period, the civil service of Nigeria was mostly dominated by the British Officials who dominated and controlled the affaires of the country at that point in time. The few Nigerians who were recruited into the service mostly occupied the lower cadre and did insignificant jobs as the core areas of administration and service was carried out by the British Officials. Nigeria under Richards’ Constitution was divided into three separate regions along ethnic lines and these were the North, East and Western regions. The North whose citizens were less educated witnessed few of its citizens being employed into their civil service as against those of the south. After independence in 1960, effort was made by government to integrate and unify the civil service but, not without the effort of the Northern leader using its office to strike a balance if not increase the number Northerners over the Southerners in the central civil service through an affirmative action. Today, deep rooted ethnicity has eaten deep into the Nigerian social, political, economic and institutional fabric including its civil service.
In this paper, effort will be geared toward examining the impact of ethnicity on civil service delivery in Nigerian after which appropriate recommendations will be made. DEFINITION OF TERM
Ethnicity: according to Mclean and Mcmillan (2003) involves the common consciousness of shared origins and tradition among a people. In other words, ethnicity tends to make people see themselves as sharing some specific traits and unique language that is different from every other some. Scholars have argued that the term began its life in political discourse and Nigeria in particular as TRIBALISM. The word is used to express the solidarity and common loyalties of people who share amongst themselves a language and culture (Agi, 2005). What ever the case may be we shall be using both concepts interchangeably. And for the sake of this work, we will take ethnicity or tribalism to mean; the love and oneness which a group of persons hold and sustain among themselves, while they promote hate and bias feeling towards others. CIVIL SERVICE: Is seen as the body which is permanently attached to the executive arm of government, which include professional workers who carry out day to day administration of the state under the chief executive and his cabinet (Coker, 1999). It’s also seen as generally referring to administrators paid for implementing the policies of the national government. Obikeze and Obi Emeka (2004) see it as a term used to cover those public servants who are direct employees of the federal and state government. They are seen as the life-wire of any governmental administration which helps in putting certain organizational task together so as to keep the government on course till point of termination. STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Civil service, where ever it exists in the world is charged with myriad of responsibilities both to the government and society at large....