The Impact of Ethics Reform on Public Management

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Running Head: IMPACT OF ETHICS REFORM

THE IMPACT OF ETHICS REFORM ON PUBLIC MANAGEMENT
AND GOVERNMENT WORKERS

A MASTER’S CAPSTONE RESEARCH PAPER
Division of Public Administration
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Degree of Master of Public Administration
College of Business and Public Administration

by

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
ABSTRACT…………………………………………………………………………..….4 INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………………..5 BACKGROUND OF ETHICS………………………………………………………...…7
Ethics Defined………………………………………………………………...…..7
Situations that Caused Ethical Concerns………………………………………….8 ETHICAL THEORY IN PUBLIC MANAGEMENT………..………………………….15
Teleology………………………………………………………………………...15
Deontology………………………………………………………………………16
Intuitionism………………………………………………………………………17
Virtue Theory…………………………………………………………………….18
Unified Ethic……………………………………………………………………..18 ETHICS IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION…………………………………………….19
Public Management……………………………………………………………...20
Whistleblower Law………………………………………………………………21 SIGNIFICANCE OF ETHICS REFORM……………………………………………….24
Title IV § 402 Ethics in Government Act of 1978 …..………………………….25
H. R. 1754………………………………………………………………………..26
Shakman Decree…………………………………………………………………27 SUSTAINING AN ETHICAL WORKPLACE………………………………………….28
Codes of Ethics…………………………………………………………………..29 Creating an Ethical Culture……………………………………………………...31
Applying Ethical Decision Making……………………………………………...32 CONCLUSION………………………………………………………………………….33 REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………………..35 APPENDICES…………………………………………………………………………...38
A. GOING TO THE DOGS…………………………………………………….38 B. CONFLICTS ON THE HUMAN SERVICES COORDINATION TEAM…46

ABSTRACT

Making ethical decisions can be very complicated. Few managers intend on being unethical. Managers may intend on acting ethically but find themselves in a difficult situation. As a whole, the vast majority of public servants are competent, dedicated, conscientious, and ethical persons that perform public service with integrity and pride. As we move into another millennium and start a new decade, these public service officers presiding and administering over government organizations face ethical challenges which become increasingly complex. This paper will identify the impact of ethics on public management and government workers. Although there are many laws, state, city, and municipal ethics codes and policies, and administrative regulations that command ethical choices in the workplace, this paper briefly eludes them. Managers must, however, be aware of ethics and the important decision making that encompasses ethical dimensions. . Overall, this paper will identify some of the issues that have occurred that question ethics in the public organizations, the laws that were created, and some of the theories that my help to deter unethical decision making. Conclusively, information will be provided for improvement of ethical decision making.

INTRODUCTION

Making ethical decisions can be very complicated. Ethics can de deemed as what is good, proper, fair and just. Actions can be deemed proper or improper. Ethics goes back to the Founding Fathers but was spotlighted in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. There has been an explosion on the practice of ethics in the last half century with an emphasis on accountability. There have been many situations that caused ethical concerns. Few managers intend on being unethical. Managers may intend on acting ethically but find themselves in a difficult situation. Yet, as we move into the first decade of a new millennium, the ethical challenges facing those who preside and administer over government organizations are increasingly complex. Ethics application means that managers must monitor behavior so that workers stay out of trouble. Managers must have oversight, controls, and sanctions for unethical behavior.

Management practitioners and theorist indicate that public managers use ethical theories to...
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