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The Iceberg Theory in the Old Man and the Sea

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The Iceberg Theory in the Old Man and the Sea

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  • October 31, 2008
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Abstract
This paper is mainly looks into the Hemingway Iceberg Theory. Hemingway Iceberg Theory, now is generally adopted by writers around the world, was first created by Ernest Hemingway. And it makes his works unique and helps him convey his ideas effectively in the works. “The Old Man and The Sea”, which is a masterpiece if Hemingway, typically shows how the Iceberg Theory is applied in the works of Hemingway. By analyzing some examples of employing the iceberg theory in this novel, the readers can get a better understanding of the Iceberg Theory and the important role it plays in Hemingway’s works. Key Words: Ernest Hemingway, Hemingway Iceberg Theory, The Old Man and The Sea,

Introduction
Hemingway is one of the greatest writers in the 20th century. He created a characteristic writing style which is well-known as the Iceberg Theory today. He explained this theory in this way: “If it is of any use to know it, I always try to write on the principle of the iceberg. There is seven-eighths of it underwater for every part that shows. Anything you know you can eliminate and it only strengthens your iceberg. It is the part that doesn't show. If a writer omits something because he does not know it then there is a hole in the story. ” It means in this style of writing, the writer omits something that the readers can find out by reading the work carefully. This writing style is also commonly adopted by many writers today. “The Old Man and The Sea” is one of the masterpieces of Hemingway. It has a great influence on the American people as well as people around the world. The old man has become a symbol of courage and pride. While in the whole story, the author only adopts the narrative way of telling the story. And he only uses very simple words. Still it conveys his idea effectively, even more effectively than those flashy and flowery ones. It is a typical example of the appliance of the Iceberg Theory. In this paper, the author explains what is the...