Introduction to Literature
February 8, 2013
THE Human Genome Project
Today I will be defining the Human Genome project. This is a project to study, research, implement, and produce a DNA sequence of the Human Genome System. The human genome project is working to try and find a way to see what every gene in the human body actually does. They have already done a DNA sequence of human genes. They discovered the human body has more proteins than they first thought; now they have to see what each protein does. When they discover this it might be feasible to actually re-grow human body parts. I learned that one of the first groups to think of sequencing the human genome project was Los Alamos. Everyone thought it was an off the wall idea, but they had more intentions behind idea. The U.S. Military wanted to study the affects of an atomic blast. They were going to use Japanese survivors from World War II. The human genome project was basically started to keep unemployed bomb makers in a job (Ussery). DNA is something that has been talked about since 1983 (Programs). The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) a department of Energy laboratory, and the Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory (LBNL), also a Department of Energy Laboratory. They were to begin production of DNA clone with single chromosomes. In 1984 the (DOE OHER) Office of Health and Environment Research U.S. Department of Energy ( Now Office of Biological and Environmental Research ) and ( ICPEMC) International Commission for Protection Against Mutagens and Carcinogens: acknowledges the value of Human Genome Reference Sequencing. Some of you have probably already read about it, or maybe even studied it before. For those who haven’t I hope at least some will take away knowledge of how it works. This project was started in the summer of 1990 (Programs), it is estimated to take over 15 years and cost $ 3 billion dollars. Scientist’s stretching across the globe has been involved. Their hopes are to find advanced knowledge to help them in genetic diagnosis. The national health institute (NIH) abandoned its application in 1994. Since that time congress has appropriated more than $21 million to NIH and the Department of Energy (DOE) in external grants so they can figure out the ethical, legal and social issues of the Human Genome project. This is the definition from the dictionary on DNA: (Farlex) a nucleic acid that carries the genetic information in the cell and is capable of self-replication and synthesis of RNA. DNA consists of two long chains of nucleotides twisted into a double helix and joined by hydrogen bonds between the complementary bases adenine and thymine or cytosine and guanine. The sequence of nucleotides determines individual hereditary characteristics. Therefore it’s a good project in some cases it can determine that is likely to get the same diseases in your family as in past generations. It can help pharmaceuticals also in their fight against diseases. It is after all complete sequence of genes in the human body. This information can help in the ability to predict, prevent, control, and treat and even cure some disease. There is talk about DNA sequencing and getting a patent on it. However I really don’t see how they can get a patent on DNA. I don’t think a patent will ever work. That is intended for something that you design and make yourself. DNA is something that every living thing makes, how can they patent something that is not rightfully theirs to do so? If it was their own Maybe, DNA has been around as long as humans have. Every living organism has a DNA chain. They are all different some are identical but not many. People think if they got their patent for DNA sequencing then that would also lead to DNA profiling somewhere down the line. Biotechnology is defiantly needed in the United Sates. I’m hoping that everyone trying to get patents on man made living organisms does not push our technology backwards. We need to keep up...
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