The Holocaust and German Occupation Authorities

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Isaacs 1
Madeline Isaacs
Davis
English 5th hour
24 January 2011
Chelmno
This death camp had a single purpose: to kill every Jew within a few hours of their arrival. In 1940, thirty-three Jews lived in a village named Chelmno. Nazis came into their village and forced each one to flee. Over a year later, the village became the site of the first death camp, Chelmno. This camp was located in the Kolo County in central Poland. German occupation authorities named it Kulmhof. The entire Jewish populations from Warthegau were to be exterminated by poisonous gases. Warthegau included Wielkopolska and the Lodz Provinces. This location was perfect for a death camp because of its location by the road to Kolo Town, an adjacent forest, and an abandoned palace. The Ner River was so close to the death camp, that it made a major obstacle for any potential victim runaways. Nearby railroads were also convenient to transport victims not only by truck, but by rail too. Two groups of Nazis came to Chelmno to form a personnel. Those men were responsible to decimate the ill and handicapped, 25,000 of those people had tuberculosis. Chelmno was under the control of SS soldier, Gruppenfuhrer Wihelm Koppe. Victims coming into Chelmno were chosen from labor camps. Once the labor camps prisoners weren’t strong enough to complete tasks or if camps got overcrowded, they would be sent to an examination, then to Chelmno, depending on the results. Examiners would check each Jew to see how badly emaciated they were. Some would stuff scraps of fabric into their clothes or rub their cheeks to appear healthy to pass examinations and live. From time to time, Germans would send healthy and strong young men to Chelmno to confuse Jews about Chelmno being a death camp. From time to time, Germans would send healthy and strong young men to Chelmno to confuse Jews about Chelmno being a death camp.

The Jewish prisoners who worked at Chelmno had a camp routine of waking up at 5:00A.M. in the winter...
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