The book I read and analyzed was "The Hobbit" by J.R.R. Tolkien . I shall discuss
the plot and character development, setting, author's style and my opinions about it.
There are too many characters in the story and so it is hard to follow and know each one of them. (There are many dwarves and it's confusing.) In the beginning there is an introduction where the author tells a bit about what is a hobbit and the hobbit's (Bilbo) family. It is not very complicated and the author makes it easy to understand. This introduction gives the general background, which makes the story easier to understand, for the plot and its development.
The plot development in the middle is not complicated and easy to follow. It can even be summarized in a few sentences. The ending is expected since the author gives hints about it. As in the introduction when he says that the hobbit would gain something, this means that he will not die. Then, the reader is not kept in suspense and does not expect to see what happens at the end.
The last climax (or what is supposed to be the climax) takes a long time to occur (the last fightgood (men, elves, dwarves & eagles) vs. evil (wargs & goblins)) and this reduces its effectiveness. After the climax there is the long return home. It is quite boring since there is nothing to expect to and the reader knows that the hobbit would get home safely. In my opinion it should have been shorter.
The creation of the characters is done by their dialogues and monologues, actions and things noted by the narrator (the author in this case) himself. An example for dialogue: "All the same, I should like it all plain and clear, also I should like to know about risks, out-of-pocket expenses..." (by Bilbo, page 22, it shows that he is not ready to jump into things so quickly). An example for a monologue: "Now is the time for our esteemed Mr. Baggins, who has proved...