The Hobbit, Conventions and Recurring Elements.

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In J.R.R Tolkien’s award-winning 1937 novel The Hobbit, it is extremely evident that there are a multitude of elements that support the conventions of the fantasy genre. Most recurring themes, events and characters support the fantasy genre. There is a continuous quest all throughout the novel to retrieve supposed stolen gold from the dragon Smaug, there are animals, certain races and characters that could not exist in reality, and there is magic, all of which are classic elements of the fantasy genre. Tolkien has clearly included these in order to support the fantasy genre, and to re-affirm the fact that the novel is a fantasy. Throughout the novel, we see the main protagonist, Bilbo Baggins, thirteen dwarves led by Thorin Oakenshield and a wizard named Gandalf the Grey on a quest to retrieve stolen gold from a dragon named Smaug. During this quest, Bilbo, the dwarves and Gandalf almost are eaten by Trolls, almost eaten by giant spiders, and venture through a dark, mysterious black forest, and many. These are all elements of a perilous and long journey and quest, which is a typical convention of the fantasy genre shown in the novel The Hobbit. Early in the novel, leader of the dwarves, Thorin, stated, “We shall soon before the break of day start on our long journey, a journey from which some of us, or perhaps all of us (except our friend and counsellor, the ingenious wizard Gandalf) may never return. It is a solemn moment.” – The Hobbit, 1937, J.RR Tolkien, pg 21. Tolkien has directly included this in the novel to justify the fantasy convention of an adventurous quest in the novel. There are a great number of different species and races in the novel, including Dwarves, Elves, Hobbits, Trolls and Goblins just to name a few. Beings that could not exist in reality are considered part of the fantasy genre, and these beings are seen frequently in the novel as even the main protagonist Bilbo is a part of a fictional species, the Hobbits. These...
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