The Historical Background of George Orwell's 1984

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The Historical Background of George Orwell’s
Submitted by: Hamza Arekat Class: 10 IB 3

George Orwell’s literary masterpiece, Nineteen Eighty-Four, is a dystopia that mainly talks about the rebellion of Winston Smith, an average worker who wakes up to reality and starts fighting for his freedom and his life through adultery, at first, and is caught and tortured. Now, this novel was very deep in describing every single detail. Why? What inspired him and his mentality to be so deep and meaningful?

George Orwell was a man who liked to share his opinion. He did like to stay silent when there is wrong out in the world. He fought for people’s lives in the Spanish Civil War and World War II.

In 1936, Orwell head out to Spain to fight against fascism, an authoritarian right-wing system of government and intolerant social organization. He has seen people getting injured and killed and saw how ruthlessly the fascist fighters did this. He himself was shot in the throat and injured by a sniper’s bullet, but later did not seriously take this into consideration.

During World War II, Orwell wanted to fight. But because of his previous injury, he was declared “unfit for any kind of military service”. However, with more effort, he did participate in war activities by joining the Home Guard, a secondary British defense team that guarded Britain’s coastal areas in case of any invasion by Germany or any of its allies. Even then, he saw the brutality of deaths and millions of people getting killed. Also, he criticized the acts and violent approach of Josef Stalin. Although he was a communist, he disliked violence, which is what Stalin was doing. This eventually leads to him writing Animal Farm.

Nineteen Eighty-Four is written towards the end of Orwell’s life and it is shown that he is very ill by the darkness and harshness of the novel. It shows total totalitarianism and ruthlessness and torture in a very...
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