The Nature of Life
In Chapter one, Capra starts his book with a question about the nature of life as a biological phenomenon. The question also refers to the defining characteristics of the living systems. The writer underlines the importance of understanding the social phenomena in a unified conception of the evolution of life and consciousness. Throughout he draws on certain principles which are as applicable to the living cells of the smallest organisms as to business corporations and political structures. At root are ideas about self-generating networks among elements in a system, non-linear evolution, often producing the unexpected, and emergence of new forms of order out of apparent instability.
From all this Capra develops the idea that "the interactions of a living system with its environment are cognitive interactions, and the process of living itself is a process of cognition." Here he uses cognition in the sense of ability to react to perturbations in the environment. Thus "mind and matter no longer appear to belong to two separate categories but... [continues]
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