The Harlem Renaissance Authors

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The Harlem Renaissance was a movement spanning from the 1920s to the 1930s in which African Americans celebrated their culture and creativity through many forms of art. This era was known as the “New Negro Movement” and was largely rooted in literature. The heart of this creativity all began in Harlem, New York, though its power eventually spread throughout the entire country. “Harlem became the largest residential center for blacks in the United States” (Haskins 1). The authors responsible for this creative effort during the Harlem Renaissance worked to celebrate and reconstruct the reputation of black culture through their writings of poetry, novels, and non-fiction. They made waves by boldly addressing the issues of race, class, religion, and gender in their work. African American expressed themselves through many forms of literature, but poetry was the most popular for this era. Harlem’s liveliness and flavorful atmosphere existed as a muse for the poets who experienced great success. Poems were also written to expose the struggles that African Americans often experienced in their daily life. One of the main faces of this style of poetry was Langston Hughes. “…Hughes combined the pain he suffered in the past with a determination to assert his pride in being an African American. These two elements lay at the heart of the Harlem Renaissance” (Worth 50). Langston Hughes, like many other black poets at that time, wanted to create his own style of poetry that could easily be distinguished from whites’. Hughes worked to introduce and express the African American culture to America. Many of his poems are related to the real world, race, America, politics, and romance. Hughes won many awards for his poetry. In 1925 he won a forty-dollar award for his poem, The Weary Blues, in the Opportunity magazine. Hughes paved a pathway for African American poets to express themselves completely and to be accepted by society. Hughes was not the only poet who made an effort to...
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