For this assignment you are required to:
1) Review the elements of literature (pages) found in the contents page under "Elements of Literature"
2) Research and write a (one-page, 250 words maximum) report entirely in your own words, answering the question: What is existentialism? What beliefs do existentialists hold?
3) Read "The Guest" by Albert Camus. Click onto link.
4) Answer the questions which follow. Ensure that each response is in paragraph form. Each paragraph should be a minimum of 150 words in length, and must supported by direct and/or indirect quotations. Pay particular attention to grammar, spelling, and sentence structure, as well as to the proper documentation of quotations.
Questions for "The Guest" (paragraph responses):
1. What is the central conflict in the story? Is it external or internal? Can it be defined in terms of a dilemma? In the short story “The Guest” by Albert Camus, the main conflict in the story is Daru, regarding his internal struggle and having to send the Arab back to the French officials. He does notbelieve in taking either side, and will not settle with one party. Daru does not intend to turn the prisoner into the French officials, although he had been ordered to. His problematic situation is to either do what he is told, or go against and do what he believes is right. However, if Daru does the task that is give at hand, and does what is asked and expected of him, he would have to take the prisoner to the French; but, if Daru were to do what he wanted rather than listen, he would go against what is asked, and let the prisoner go free. The central conflict in the short story “The Guest” is moral choice. The story is both internal and external. Internally the inner conflict within Daru's choice to let the prisoner free, while externally Daru will have to face the consequences of his unlawfulness and reject his responsibility, as he has a great deal of them in the position he is in.
2. Compare and contrast the attitudes of Daru and Balducci toward the prisoner and the situation. What is their attitude toward each other? Is either a bad or a cruel man? How does the conflict between Daru and Balducci intensify the central conflict?
In the short story “The Guest” by Albert Camus, Balducci is a French policeman. Balducci is a very disciplined man, who follows instruction and expects the same. Balducci expects nothing but the same dedication from anyone else and does not believe in one disobeying the law. Although he is polite and friendly, Balducci means nothing but business, Balducci hadn’t said it outloud, but he made it obvious he did not enjoy his work. Balducci knows Daru because Daru is a teacher at the local school. Daru is very content and quiet man, who is very respectful to both of the men; he shows his tender side by releasing the prisoner’s hands. Daru is not highly affected by living on his own. Because of where he was raised in Algeria, Daru does not like quarreling. Daru avoids being with political control or the Algerian rebels; because, he only wants for the world to be in serenity. Which is the reason being for him to not want the prisoner to go to the French. Daru thinks that by bringing the prisoner, he would be disobeying the Arab beliefs. 3. Why did Daru give the prisoner his freedom? What reasons were there for not giving him his freedom? In the short story “The Guest” by Albert Camus, Balducci notifies Daru about the time constraint regarding him bringing back the Prisoner to the French Officials. Balducci lets Daru know that eventually it will be his choice to either take the prisoner away or not. Daru is hesitant to this, because it is not his duties to fulfill. Daru also is reluctant to siding with the Algerians, while being called to France for duties. Daru does not show interest in the very deep business with many controversial feelings towards the unruliness. Daru has been given one very important dutie...