The Growth of International Tourism
1. In 1950s, international tourism was very rare and seen as a luxury. In 1950, the arrivals were about 1-2 million. They were the richest people of the world, who could afford to leave the country. The money, which came from that million people, was about half a billion to a billion. The arrivals started increasing and on the other hand the receipts started increasing in value. In 1965, there were 100 million tourists which signaled the boost in tourism. During 1974, the receipts totaled about 100 billion dollars and there were 200 million tourists. This marked a significant improvement in the tourism industry. The growth in international tourism was significant in the next decade. The graph became steeper as we move into the 1980s and 1990s. The introduction of jumbo jets and passenger planes had helped in the transportation of tourists. The infrastructure and political development also helped in the increased number of international tourists. International tourism was now becoming a hobby and what an average- wage person might look forward to. In 2001, there were about 700 million tourists and about 500 billion earned. There are a few ups and downs between 2001 and 2004. In 2004, there was not a massive change in the number of tourists but there was much more money earned than in 2001. In 2007, there was a fluctuation in the graph which was most likely caused by the economic crisis or by the lack of security in some countries. In 2010, the situation improved and the number of tourists started to rise. 2. The fall in international tourism was most probably caused by The Great Recession, which was a major economic crisis which led to the drop in international tourism. The other reason could be about terrorism and insecurity in many dangerous countries. 3. The share of international tourism by region is a bit more complicated and hard to understand. In 1950, the Americas and Europe had taken over tourism. Hardly...
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