The Greek Philosopher Plato
Plato was born in 429 B.C.E. and died in 347 B.C.E. he was one of the classical Greek philosopher who was also mathematician. He was one of the most dazzling writers in the Western literary tradition one of the most penetrating, wide-ranging, and influential authors in the history of philosophy, Kraut (2004). Plato travel for many years studying under his teacher Socrates learning from him. He wrote dialogues between Socrates and the other explores who traveled with them. Around the middle of the dialogues is Plato's Republic. It begins with a Socratic conversation about the nature of justice but proceeds directly to an extended discussion of the virtues, courage and moderation in individual human beings and in society as a whole (Kemerling, 2006). The Dialogues of Plato were the recorded teachings of Socrates. Plato also went to the trial of Socrates and he recorded the speech in the Apology. The Apology was one of the three works that tells us about Socrates last days. After the Socrates death Plato left Athens upset at the society for the execution of Socrates. He spent several years traveling to Egypt and Italy and studied with Pythagoras students. As he traveled he continued to spread the teaching of Socrates. After many years of traveling he returned to Athens in 387 B.C.E. and founded the Academy which was one of the first permanent institution in the Western civilization devoted to education and research (Cunningham & Reich, 2009). The Academy teaches on mathematics, law, and political theory. Plato was asked to come to Sicily to practice his political theories and turn Syracuse in to a more model kingdom. Dion ask Plato to return to Syracuse to teach Dionysus II to become a philosopher king. He then returned to Athens in 366 B.C.E after his second unsuccessful trip to Syracuse. Plato lived the rest of his live in Athens teaching and writing he died 347 B.C.E. Plato’s Theory of Forms provides a much more clearly stated...
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