THE great social transformation

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xploring Social Change There are around 190 states all over the world, covering almost the whole land. Except several states like Cuba and China, a large majority of states are capitalist states. Dose capitalism origin from each state Of course not. Capitalism originated in Europe, and then spread to other continents. Nowadays, apart from US, Europe is the most advanced continent in the world, in terms of gross domestic production, economic structure, civilian education, and their political institutions. However, before the 18th century, there is no doubt that Asia, especially China enjoyed the highest level of civilization. A vivid and great contrast shows up. Why eastern Asia countries, like China and India, lagged behind and some Europe countries moved forward In ancient times, because of primitive transportation, there was little communication between different regions. Thus, different areas were relatively self-reliant and there were few interactions. It is obvious that different areas exhibit different development paths. Capitalism was once born in China in Ming Dynasty. In theory, a new factor will arise, and then grow and develop. But in China, the sprouts of capitalism was killed and failed to thrive. As capitalism stands for advanced mode of production, its failure in China partly resulted in Chinas long-lasting poverty compared with the west. Capitalism arose in Europe at around the same time. By contrast, it is astonishing that capitalism gained a complete victory in Europe and then spread to almost the whole world. In the meanwhile, many European states succeeded in transforming to modern states. In vivid contrast, on the whole, China seemed to struggle hard to transform to a modern state but faced so many obstacles. As we all know, before 18th century, there is no doubt that eastern Asia was the most developed area. So why Europe succeeded in transforming to a new social system but China failed Alternative Theories Several...
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