The Great Dictator is a 1940 American comedy-drama film starring, written, produced, scored, and directed by Charlie Chaplin, following the tradition of many of his other films. Having been the only Hollywood filmmaker to continue to make silent films well into the period of sound films, this was Chaplin's first true talking picture as well as his most commercially successful film. At the time of its first release, the United States was still formally at peace with Nazi Germany. Chaplin's film advanced a stirring, controversial condemnation ofAdolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini's fascism,antisemitism, and the Nazis, whom he mocks in the film as "machine men, with machine minds and machine hearts". Chaplin's film followed only a few months after Hollywood's first parody of Hitler, the short subject You Nazty Spy! by the Three Stooges, although Chaplin had been planning it for years before. Hitler had been previously allegorically pilloried in the German film by Fritz Lang, The Testament of Dr. Mabuse. In his 1964 autobiography, Chaplin stated that he would not have made the film had he known about the actual horrors of the Nazi concentration camps.
The treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles (French: le Traité de Versailles) was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after theassassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The other Central Powers on the German side of World War I were dealt with in separate treaties. Although the armistice, signed on 11 November 1918, ended the actual fighting, it took six months of negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to conclude the peace treaty. The treaty was registered by the Secretariat of the League of Nations on 21 October 1919, and was printed in The League of Nations Treaty Series. The treaty was signed at the vast Versailles Palace near Paris - hence its title - between Germany and the Allies. The three most important politicians there were David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau and Woodrow Wilson. The Versailles Palace was considered the most appropriate venue simply because of its size - many hundreds of people were involved in the process and the final signing ceremony in the Hall of Mirrors could accommodate hundreds of dignitaries. Many wanted Germany, now led by Friedrich Ebert, smashed - others, like Lloyd George, were privately more cautious.
Germany was forced to cede large chunks of her territory to France, Belgium, Poland and Denmark. Her oversea possession were divided by allies in war among themselves. Germany was forced to pay heavy reparations to tune of 33 billion dollars and the total strength of the German army was fixed at one lakh. The terms of this treaty were greatly resented by the germans who eagerly looked for an opportunity to avenge the same. These sentiments were exploited by Hitler. He openly encouraged the Germans, to consign the Treaty of Versailles into the wate- paper basket, to rebuildthe empire of Germany and to recapture the lost colonies. Features of Nazism
# The Nazi party had become the largest party with 37 %votes in the Reichstagthe German parliament. #National Socialist German Workers Party
(popularly known as the Nazi party).
# The Nazis wanted the creation of an exclusive racial community of pure Germans by physically eliminating all those who were seen as ‘undesirable’ in the extended empire. #They wanted a society of ‘pure and healthy Nordic Aryans.’ #Many Germans who were considered mentally or physically unfit were condemned to death.
# Many Gypsies and the ‘blacks’ living in Nazi Germany were widely persecuted. # 1939-1945: The Jews were concentrated in certain areas and were eventually killed in the gas chambers of Poland.
Hitler's overall aims in terms of domestic policy?
"Volksmeinschaft" (people's community) --> Build a classless society by...
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