The Great Awakening: Religion Rose to Power Again

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In the 1730’s the Great Awakening exploded, religion rose to power once again and people began to get disconnected from their scientific ways of thinking. Jonathan Edwards was the catalyst to the Great Awakening, Edwards preached that not only doing good deeds will lead one to salvation, but faith in God will too, and he reiterated that faith in God was always above just doing good deeds. There wasn’t just a religious revolution at this time, but a social revolution was stirring, with the Molasses Act brought into effect in 1732, the colonists would soon begin getting sick of the taxes imposed by British Parliament. Also around this Time Benjamin Franklin published Poor Richards Almanac a series of Almanacs that sold 10,000 copies every year and brought great success to Benjamin Franklin. During this period there are also several slave revolts and in 1940, fifty slaves are hanged due to suspicion of revolt. 1745-1760

During this time, the British Parliament begins to pass laws that limit the colonies greatly, they begin to cause the stirrings of a war. In 1750 they pass the Iron Act, this begins to limit the growth of American industry while securing the English Iron industry. The French and Indian War soon erupted. The French had several Native allies that were joining them in the fight to stop the ever advancing frontiersmen that were getting closer and closer to the disputed Ohio River Valley territory. In May of 1754, George Washington led a group of American Colonists to battle at Fort Duquesne where he losses and retreats. Due to this loss Britain sends English General Edward Braddock he arrives with troops ready to battle. When Braddock sets out with roughly 2000 men and Lt. Washington they are defeated by 900 French and Indians, Braddock is mortally wounded and William Shirley takes over his spot. In 1756 the English declare an all out war against the French because of what is going on in the Colonies. Also around this time William Pitt establishes a policy of unlimited warfare, further escalating the war. The English face defeat after defeat, but in 1759 they manage to take Quebec and take control of Canada. 1761-1775

The French and Indian war still goes on until 1763 with the Treaty of Paris and under the treaty England gets all land west of the Mississippi River except for Louisiana. In 1763 King George the third signed the Proclamation of 1763 which stated that the Colonists couldn’t advance further west than the Appalachian Mountain Range and even though the colonists didn’t plan on moving that far west they were mad because King George is no one to tell them what they can or can’t do; this proclamation only further raised tensions between the Colonists and the King. The year after the Proclamation the King also passed into action the Sugar Act to compensate for the money spent on the French and Indian war, the tax not only applied to sugar but also to textiles, coffee, and wine. In 1765 the British pass the Stamp Act to compensate for the money spent on British Military organization in the colonies. Under the Stamp Act all printed materials will be taxed. Soon after the Stamp Act cam the Quartering act that made colonists offer their homes free of charge to British soldiers. The Stamp Act was soon repealed; it that same day the British passed the Declaratory Act giving England total power to legislate any laws that govern the Americans. In 1767 the British pass the Townshend Act which really angers the colonists and soon sets into motion an upcoming war. In 1770 The Boston Massacre involves the killing of six colonists out of a huge mob who had been harassing the soldiers. Later in 1770 the Townshend Acts are repealed. In 1773 the Tea Act takes place and soon thereafter so does the Boston Tea Party where colonists dump thousands of pounds of tea off boats in broad daylight as a form of protest. In response to the tea party the British Parliament passes the Coercive or Intolerable Acts which...
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