The Global North/South Divide

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A descriptive essay on the Globla North/South divide. Explores the social, cuptural and economic differences that exist between the regions defined as the global north and the global south. The theory of the Global North and Global South is a new geopolitical perspective. It divides the world into two blocs – the industrialized countries of the global North and the poor countries of the South on the global level of analysis. While “Global South” is sometimes used as a synonym for the more familiar “third world” that term has fallen into disfavor. This essay looks at globalization and discusses how it has exacerbated the pre-existing inequalities between the poor global south and the wealthy global north. It illustrates how globalization forces some people (predominantly in the southern regions of the planet) to work while permitting other people (predominantly individuals residing in the global north) to become wealthy.

Final Essay

Global North/South Divide

History 116

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The theory of the Global North and Global South is a new geopolitical

perspective. It divides the world into two blocs – the industrialized countries of the

global North and the poor countries of the South on the global level of analysis.

While “Global South” is sometimes used as a synonym for the more familiar “third

world” that term has fallen into disfavor. This essay looks at globalization and

discusses how it has exacerbated the pre-existing inequalities between the poor

global south and the wealthy global north. It illustrates how globalization forces

some people (predominantly in the southern regions of the planet) to work while

permitting other people (predominantly individuals residing in the global north) to

become wealthy.

The global north refers to the 57 countries with high human development. They

are located on the northern hemisphere. These countries are well developed, highly

industrialized with free-market economies. These countries practice democracy as

their main form of government. In contrast, the global South refers to those

countries in the southern hemisphere, with lower levels of human development.

Most of these countries are either developing, or are underdeveloped, and most are

former European colonies. There is a vast difference between the economic

problems of the global south countries and the relative economic success of the

global north countries. The global south faces many issues but the most important

is economic development.

There are many different definitions of economic development. But the core issue

is how to raise the living standards of the Global South to the same level as exists in

the global north.  There are many disparities in living standards between the rich and

poor countries. For the global south countries, economic development means the

process whereby living standards will gradually be brought up to the levels enjoyed in

the global nouth. There are some theories that attempt to explain the lag in

development of the global south countries. One theory postulates that the countries of

the global south have been resistant to change, industrialization, and modernization,

and because these changes take time, the modernization process has spread slowly

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through these countries.

The second theory, called the dependency theory, states that free trade, foreign...
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