Global North/South Divide
The theory of the Global North and Global South is a new geopolitical
perspective. It divides the world into two blocs – the industrialized countries of the
global North and the poor countries of the South on the global level of analysis.
While “Global South” is sometimes used as a synonym for the more familiar “third
world” that term has fallen into disfavor. This essay looks at globalization and
discusses how it has exacerbated the pre-existing inequalities between the poor
global south and the wealthy global north. It illustrates how globalization forces
some people (predominantly in the southern regions of the planet) to work while
permitting other people (predominantly individuals residing in the global north) to
The global north refers to the 57 countries with high human development. They
are located on the northern hemisphere. These countries are well developed, highly
industrialized with free-market economies. These countries practice democracy as
their main form of government. In contrast, the global South refers to those
countries in the southern hemisphere, with lower levels of human development.
Most of these countries are either developing, or are underdeveloped, and most are
former European colonies. There is a vast difference between the economic
problems of the global south countries and the relative economic success of the
global north countries. The global south faces many issues but the most important
is economic development.
There are many different definitions of economic development. But the core issue
is how to raise the living standards of the Global South to the same level as exists in
the global north. There are many disparities in living standards between the rich and
poor countries. For the global south countries, economic development means the
process whereby living standards will gradually be brought up to the levels enjoyed in
the global nouth. There are some theories that attempt to explain the lag in
development of the global south countries. One theory postulates that the countries of
the global south have been resistant to change, industrialization, and modernization,
and because these changes take time, the modernization process has spread slowly
through these countries.
The second theory, called the dependency theory, states that free trade, foreign...