The Gift of the Nile River

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The gift of the River Nile
Done by: Priscilla Gan, 1PE (14)

Table of contents:

Introduction -page 1
Its role in ancient Egypt
-Economically -page 2
-Socially -page 3
-Culturally -page 5
-Politically -page 7

Bibliolography:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nile
http://www.ancient-egypt-online.com/river-nile-facts.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egypt
Ancient Egyptians materials and technology by Paul T. Nicholson, Ian Shaw http://www.riverschool.org/students/work/culture.e.econ.htm
http://www.ancient-egypt-online.com/ancient-egypt-houses.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sobek
http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/hapi.htm
http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/wars_french_egypt.html
http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/worldhistory/introancientegypt1.htm http://www.enotes.com/history/q-and-a/who-built-suez-canal-why-was-important-when-170823 http://www.beforeus.com/egypt.htm

http://www.ancient-egypt-online.com/ancient-egypt-map.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cataracts_of_the_Nile
Children’s encyclopedia of history by Dr Anne Millard and Patricia Vanays. Publisher: Ursborne publishing LTD

INTRODUCTION:

The river Nile is about 4130 miles long and is the longest river in Africa and the world. In Egypt, the River Nile creates a fertile green valley across the desert. It was by the banks of the river that one of the oldest civilizations in the world began. The ancient Egyptians lived and farmed along the Nile, using the soil to produce food for themselves and their animals. Through almost entirely the desert, the northern section of the river flows, from Sudan into Egypt, a country where civilizations has depended on the river since ancient times. The Nile ends in a large delta that drains into the Mediterranean Sea. Most of the population of Egypt and cites can be found along the river along parts of the Nile valley, most of the historical and cultural site of ancient Egypt can also be found there. The river Nile flows through 9 countries while it is mostly associated with Egypt .It touches Ethiopia, Zaire, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi and Sudan. The river Nile flows from south to north and is form by three major tributaries: the White Nile, the Blue Nile and the Atbara. The White Nile is the longest of the tributaries while the Blue Nile is the main source of water and fertile soil and the Atbara flows into the Nile just north of Khartoum in the Sudan but it contributes less than one percent to total water flow. The river plays a crucial role in the ancient Egypt civilization, one of the greatest ancient civilizations. Page 1

ECONOMICALLY:
The ancient Egyptians traded with foreign neighbours to obtain the exotic and rare goods that cannot be found in Egypt. An example would be in the predynastic period, they established trade with Nubia to obtain gold and incense. Nubia is a region found along the Nile, in northern Sudan and southern Egypt thus they had used the river Nile for trade. Most importantly, the ancient Egyptians had rich fertile soil due to their annual inundations of the Nile River. They were able to produce an abundance of food. Plax plant were grown as the fibers of their stems could be used to make thread and thus linen could be made. Linen was used to make Cloth, which was a thriving trade during that time. Papyrus was a crop that grew on the banks of river Nile; Papyrus could be used to make boats, which enabled transportation on the river Nile that is why trade could be established. With the form of trade, different occupations were needed such as, farmers that grew the crops, tailors that made clothes out of linen and since during that time Egypt was rich in building and decorative stones, these natural resources were used by craftsmen to make jewelry, statues...
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