Volleyball is a popular sport which easy attracts the interest of persons. It can be played at anytime, at any place. All that is needed is a ball, a playing area, a basic knowledge of the game and a net which can be represented by a line or even be imaginary. Volleyball’s popularity is widely extended and is now an energetic sport known for being played at the beach; both on sand and in the water. The following project is one on the game of Volleyball. It contains information on the game’s history, rules of the game as well as it shows the playing area and explains its dimensions. It is my hope that the completion of this project will do what is stated above and more.
The game of volleyball, originally called “mintonette”, was invented in 1895 by William G. Morgan in Holyoke USA. William Morgan, who was a graduate of the Springfield College of the YMCA, designed the game to be a combination of basketball, baseball, tennis and handball. It was originally designed to provide exercise and a form of recreation for people of all ages and the first volleyball net was borrowed from a tennis court and was only 6’6″ high and was played by 4-6 players. Since Volleyball was originally a recreational Sport it was played anywhere, with a ball, a playing area and a net strung across the middle being the only requirements.
The game has developed rapidly. Not only have there been several changes to the way the sport is played but many Organizations have been set up for the proper functioning of the sporting events. In 1900 a special ball was designed for the sport. The ball weighs between 9 and 10 ounces. Ball pressure is between 4.5 and 6.0 pounds. In 1916 the ‘spike’ was introduced as it was seen as a good offensive style of passing the ball. The Game was originally set at 21 points. The modern game is set at 15 points. This change came about in 1917. In 1920, the rule allowing only three hits per side before the ball goes over the net, and the back line attacking rules were put in place. The basic way of playing volleyball has very much remained, however, it became evident over time that the game was growing and needed tournaments and rules so in 1928 the United States Volleyball Association (USVBA, now USA Volleyball) was formed. The first U.S. Open was staged. The game continued to grow until in 1964 it was introduced as an Olympic game. Modern Volleyball also has a variation to it; beach volleyball. Originating in Hawaii and Southern California, beach volleyball was first an idle gesture to keep surfers busy when the waves were down. However overtime it grew in popularity and is now an Olympic Team Sport played by two teams of two. Beach and indoor volleyball are basically the same but there are a few differences. These relate mainly to: the playing surface, the size of the team, the scoring system is different and no coaching is allowed during play.
The length of both indoor and outdoor courts is 18 m x 9m (29'6" x 59'). Indoor courts also include an attack area designated by
a line 3 m (9'10") back from the centerline.
Lines on the court (usually painted white on an outdoor court) are 5cm (2") wide.
Net height for men or co-ed teams of 6 & outdoor games are 2.43 meters. The net height for women on any court (outdoors or indoors) is 2.24 meters.
Fig.1-Diagram Showing dimensions of Playing Surface
Fig.2- Diagram Showing...