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Academy o?Management Review 2004, Vol. 29, No. 3, 379-387.
INTRODUCTIONTO SPECIAL TOPIC FORUM
THEFUTURE WORKMOTIVATION OF THEORY
RICHARDM. STEERS RICHARD T. MOWDAY
University o? Oregon
DEBRA L. SHAPIRO
University of Maryland
motivation The topic of employee plays a cen tral role in the field of management?both prac see motiva and theoretically. tically Managers tion as an part of the performance integral equation searchers block at all see re levels, while organizational it as a fundamental building
an overview This introduction represents of the field of work motivation from a theoretical and lays the foundation for the arti standpoint cles The that the Latin on this (mover?.) Building as "the motivation Atkinson defines concept, on direc influence (immediate) contemporary for movement follow.2 term motivation derives from
in the development of useful theories of effective the Indeed, management practice. of the sub many topic of motivation permeates the study of management, fields that compose man teams, performance including leadership, decision ethics, making, It is not surprising, change. so much that this topic has received over the past several in both decades journals and management periodicals. exam recent articles have several work far we have come in researching
agement, managerial and organizational therefore, attention research Whereas
of action" tion, vigor, and persistence (1964: 2), while it as "a process Vroom defines governing ... among choice made alternative by persons forms of voluntary (1964: 6). Campbell activity" and Pritchard that suggest motivation dependent the direction,
has to do with a set of independent/ variable that explain relationships amplitude, and persistence of an
ined how on where this special forum focuses motivation, we are going.1 That the questions: is, we ask is the future of work motivation What theories? are What the critical be that must questions if progress in the field is to be made? addressed is the future research What How can agenda? we or modify current models extend of work so they continue in the motivation to be relevant are entirely new models future? And where to further our understanding motivation needed of employee behavior and job performance contemporary organizations? To understand where the field first understand ever, we must...